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市場調查報告書

二氧化碳收集及儲存技術 (CCS技術)

Carbon Capture, Utilization & Storage Technologies

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 140099
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 238 Pages
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二氧化碳收集及儲存技術 (CCS技術) Carbon Capture, Utilization & Storage Technologies
出版日期: 2015年02月13日 內容資訊: 英文 238 Pages
簡介

2014年對二氧化碳的分離技術的投資額,達到68億美元。可是,2015年的投資額為同程度,還有之後預計為負32%的年複合成長率,2019年的投資額預計約為10億美元。

本報告提供二氧化碳收集及儲存(CCS)的各種技術市場相關調查分析、過去的實際成果資料和今後的預測、各種技術概要、美國為首的各國的法律制度、參與企業簡介等彙整資料。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要

第3章 概要

  • 氣候相關策略與法規
  • CO2的使用與儲存
  • 驗證的技術
  • 課題與機會

第4章 政策和法規

  • 南北美洲
    • 美國
    • 加拿大
    • 巴西
  • 歐洲及CIS
    • 法國
    • 德國
    • 義大利
    • 荷蘭
    • 挪威
    • 英國
  • 亞太地區
    • 中國
    • 日本
    • 韓國
    • 澳洲
  • 非洲、中東
    • 阿拉伯聯合大公國
    • 沙烏地阿拉伯
    • 南非

第5章 二氧化碳收集技術

  • 燃燒後收集
  • 燃燒前收集
  • 氧燃燒
  • 本質性分離

第6章 CO2再利用

  • 非轉換利用
  • 化學品及聚合物的原料
  • 能源領域的利用
  • 二次消費材料的利用

第7章 主要市場

  • 發電
    • 煤炭
    • 天然氣
    • 生質能
  • 產業流程
    • 氣體處理
    • 煉製
    • 化學品
    • 生質燃料
    • 鋼鐵
    • 水泥
    • 紙漿

第8章 企業簡介

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目錄
Product Code: EGY037D

The yearly and cumulative investment spending by separation technology was$ 6.8 billion in 2014. It is estimated that the spending will be $6.8 billion in 2015 and $1 billion in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -32%.

This report provides: An overview of the global market for carbon capture and storage, and related technologies and applications. Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019. Information on the status of competing carbon capture technologies as well as global technological research and development (R&D) for carbon capture technologies Analysis of the costs to the purchasers of carbon capture equipment, and also analysis of the impact to the consumer Insight into what technologies are emerging that could compete with existing technologies in use or displace those technologies An in-depth patent analysis Comprehensive profiles of major players in the industry and how these companies are positioning their technology to compete against other technologies.

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REPORT SCOPE

SCOPE OF REPORT

This report focuses on projects for the deployment of carbon capture, storage and utilization (CCUS) technologies and the short- or long-term sequestration of anthropogenic emissions that would otherwise be emitted from large point sources such as power stations or industrial facilities.

The report will analyze the three major routes which have been developed for capture of CO2 in both power and industrial plants-pre-combustion, oxy-fuel combustion, and post-combustion-as well as the capabilities of inherent separation processes. For each, the report presents the applications, underlying technologies, economic driving forces and major ongoing projects.

The report also includes a review of the current and emerging uses of CO2, including a description of the underlying technologies and their potential.

As CCUS development depends heavily on current climate policies, the report also reviews recent developments in emissions regulation and development support programs that may impact CCUS deployment in a number of countries.

Major market and market segments are measured and forecasted for several years, including 2014, and five-year forecasts are made to 2019 in most cases.

While traditional uses of CO2 are mentioned, the report focuses on emerging uses that could offer opportunities to increase CO2 utilization and therefore its sequestration.

The report does not consider captive uses for CO2 where the CO2 is an intermediate product in the process. Captive uses may be mentioned but are not included in our estimates because these processes do not offer additional demand for captured CO2 in the future. Capture of atmospheric CO2 is also not included in the report.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Ms. Nelly Puren has been working for several years as market analyst for the chemical and energy sectors in a major European bank as well as in an international top tier strategy consultancy company. She supports CEOs, marketing departments, sales business units, strategists and investors with information on energy and chemical markets for making strategic company decisions. Projects include alternative energy technologies, energy efficiency policies in Europe, CHP generation, refining, biofuels, bio-plastics, paper and water chemicals and C4 derivatives.

She has a master's degree in business and administration from both the University of Rennes (France) and the University of Augsburg (Germany).

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • METHODOLOGY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING, BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING, BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2019 ($ BILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW

  • CLIMATE POLICIES AND REGULATION
  • TABLE 1 CO2 EMISSIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 2 GHG REDUCTION TARGETS 2020 BY COUNTRY/ REGION
    • KYOTO AGREEMENT
    • CARBON PRICING
    • TABLE 3 CARBON PRICE BY COUNTRY ($ PER TON OF CO2)
    • CO2 USE VERSUS CO2 STORAGE
    • CO2 MERCHANT MARKET
    • TABLE 4 MERCHANT CO2 DEMAND (INCLUDING EOR) BY END USE (%)
    • EMERGING USES AND CO2 UTILIZATION
    • CO2 STORAGE
    • TECHNOLOGIES EXAMINED
    • POST-COMBUSTION CAPTURE SYSTEMS
    • PRE-COMBUSTION CAPTURE SYSTEMS
    • OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS
    • INHERENT SEPARATION
    • CO2 CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 5 OVERVIEW CAPTURE OPTIONS BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY
    • Absorption
    • FIGURE 1 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF SOLVENT ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
      • Adsorption
      • FIGURE 2 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF GAS ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
      • Membranes
      • FIGURE 3 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
      • Chemical Looping
      • Cryogenic Separation
    • CO2 CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
      • Photochemical Reduction
      • Electrochemical Reduction (ERC)
      • CO2 Hydrogenation
      • Biological Conversion
  • CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
    • TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES NEEDED 3
    • POLICY INCENTIVES AND SUPPORT
      • Strong, Sustainable Emissions Reduction Policies
      • CCS Regulation Uncertainties to be Addressed
      • R&D Programs
      • Efforts Towards Increase of Public Understanding and Acceptance of CCS technology
      • Transport and Storage Infrastructure
      • BECCS
    • PRODUCT AND REVENUE DIVERSIFICATION
    • IMPORTANCE OF CCS IN INDUSTRIAL SECTORS

CHAPTER 4 POLICIES AND REGULATION

  • TABLE 6 CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITIES FOR EOR AND GEOLOGICAL STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 7 CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITIES BY SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • AMERICAS
    • UNITED STATES
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 8 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE US 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • CANADA
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 9 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN CANADA 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • BRAZIL
    • TABLE 10 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN BRAZIL 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • EUROPE AND CIS
    • FRANCE
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
    • GERMANY
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 11 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN GERMANY 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • ITALY
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
    • NETHERLANDS
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 12 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE NETHERLANDS 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • NORWAY
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 13 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN NORWAY 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • UNITED KINGDOM
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 14 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • ASIA PACIFIC
    • CHINA
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 15 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN CHINA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • JAPAN
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 16 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN JAPAN, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • SOUTH KOREA
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 17 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN SOUTH KOREA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • AUSTRALIA
      • Regulation
      • Technology Development Support
      • CCUS Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 18 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN AUSTRALIA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • AFRICA AND MIDDLE EAST
    • UAE
    • TABLE 19 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • SAUDI ARABIA
    • TABLE 20 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN SAUDI ARABIA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • SOUTH AFRICA
    • TABLE 21 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN SOUTH AFRICA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)

CHAPTER 5 CO2 CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES

  • FIGURE 4 SCHEMATIC OVERVIEW OF CO2 CAPTURE APPROACHES
  • TABLE 22 COMPARISON OF POST-COMBUSTION, PRE-COMBUSTION AND OXY-FUELING TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 23 CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITY BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 24 YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • POST-COMBUSTION CAPTURE
    • APPLICATION
    • CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS
    • TABLE 25 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS USING POST-COMBUSTION, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 26 OVERVIEW OF POST-COMBUSTION CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES BY SUPPLIER/DEVELOPER
    • ECONOMICS
    • PRE-COMBUSTION CAPTURE
    • APPLICATION
    • CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS
    • TABLE 27 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS USING PRE-COMBUSTION, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 28 OVERVIEW OF PRE-COMBUSTION CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES BY SUPPLIER/DEVELOPER
    • TABLE 29 SELECTED MAIN TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS OF IGCC COMPONENT TECHNOLOGIES (EXCLUDING ACID GAS REMOVAL)
    • ECONOMICS
  • OXYFUEL COMBUSTION
    • APPLICATION
    • CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS
    • TABLE 30 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS USING OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 31 TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS BY MAJOR OXY-FUEL COMPONENT SYSTEMS
    • ECONOMICS
    • TABLE 32 COST BREAKDOWN OF ELECTRICITY FOR OXY-COMBUSTION POWER PLANTS (%)
  • INHERENT SEPARATION
    • GAS PROCESSING (SWEETENING)
    • TABLE 33 SELECTION OF COMMON COMMERCIAL SOLVENTS USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF CO2 FROM NATURAL GAS
    • TABLE 34 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A GAS PROCESSING PLANT
    • TABLE 35 LARGE GAS PROCESSING PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION THROUGH STEAM REFORMING
    • TABLE 36 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A HYDROGEN PLANT
    • TABLE 37 LARGE HYDROGEN PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • AMMONIA PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 38 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT AN AMMONIA PLANT
    • TABLE 39 LARGE AMMONIA PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • METHANOL PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 40 LARGE METHANOL PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • ETHANOL FERMENTATION
    • TABLE 41 LARGE ETHANOL PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
    • TABLE 42 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT AN ETHANOL PLANT
    • COAL-TO-LIQUID
    • TABLE 43 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A CTL PLANT
    • TABLE 44 LARGE CTL PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)

CHAPTER 6 CO2 REUSE APPLICATIONS

  • TABLE 45 VALUE OF CO2 SUPPLY FOR EMERGING APPLICATIONS VERSUS EOR, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • WITHOUT CONVERSION
    • ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY (EOR)
      • Plants and Projects
      • TABLE 46 NUMBER OF EOR PROJECTS WORLDWIDE BY RECOVERY TECHNIQUE AS OF 2014
      • TABLE 47 NUMBER OF CO2-EOR PROJECTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY AS OF 2014
      • TABLE 48 CO2-EOR PROJECTS INVOLVING CO2 CAPTURE (MILLION TONS OF CO2 CAPTURED)
      • Market Potential
      • TABLE 49 VALUE OF CO2 SUPPLY FOR EOR BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 50 YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE VALUE OF CO2 SUPPLY FOR EOR, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS/MILLION TONS)
    • ENHANCED GAS RECOVERY (EGR)
    • TABLE 51 GAS PROVED RESERVES BY COUNTRY AS OF 2013 (%)
    • ENHANCED COAL BED METHANE (ECBM)
    • ENHANCED GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS (EGS)
    • YIELD BOOSTING (UREA AND METHANOL)
      • Plants and projects
      • TABLE 52 YIELD BOOSTING PROJECTS USING NON-CAPTIVE CO2 (MILLION TONS PER YEAR)
      • Market Potential
      • TABLE 53 WORLD UREA SUPPLY AND DEMAND AND PROJECTED CO2 CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
      • CO2 UTILIZATION IN GREENHOUSES
      • TABLE 54 GREENHOUSE PROJECTS USING CAPTURED CO2 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • USE OF CARBON DIOXIDE AS FEEDSTOCK FOR CHEMICALS AND POLYMERS
    • POLYMERS
    • TABLE 55 CCU PROJECTS CONVERTING CO2 INTO POLYMERS (MILLION TONS PER YEAR)
      • Polycarbonates
      • Other Polymers
    • CHEMICALS
      • Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC)
      • Sodium Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate
      • Acrylic Acid
      • Acetic Acid
      • Ethylene Glycol (MEG)
      • Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC)
  • USE OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ENERGY SECTOR
  • TABLE 56 WORLD ENERGY DEMAND FOR TRANSPORTATION BY FUEL TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (MTOE)
    • CO2-TO-LIQUID FUELS
      • Methanol
      • Formic Acid
      • Ethanol
      • Butanol
    • ALGAE CO2 FIXATION
      • Plants and Projects
      • Market Potential
  • USE OF CARBON DIOXIDE FOR SECONDARY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
    • CARBONATE MINERALIZATION
      • Plants and Projects
      • Market Potential
    • CONCRETE CURING

CHAPTER 7 MAJOR MARKETS FOR CCUS TECHNOLOGIES

  • TABLE 57 NEW CARBON CAPACITIES COMING ON STREAM BY SECTOR (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR/%)
  • POWER GENERATION
  • TABLE 58 WORLD POWER GENERATION BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (TWH)
  • TABLE 59 WORLD POWER GENERATION BY FUEL, THROUGH 2019 (%)
  • TABLE 60 LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY (LCOE) FOR NEW GENERATION RESOURCES, 2012 ($ PER MWH)
    • COAL
    • TABLE 61 COAL RESERVES VS. NATURAL GAS RESERVES, 2013 (BILLIONS TOE/%)
    • GAS
    • BIOMASS
  • INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES
    • GAS PROCESSING
    • TABLE 62 TOP 10 NATURAL GAS PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2013 (BILLION M3)
    • TABLE 63 NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION (BILLION M3)
    • REFINING
    • TABLE 64 NUMBER OF REFINERIES BY REGION, 2014
    • CHEMICALS
      • Petrochemical Building Blocks
      • Ammonia Production
      • TABLE 65 AMMONIA PRODUCTION CAPACITIES BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
      • TABLE 66 WORLD UREA SUPPLY AND DEMAND AND PROJECTED CO2 CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
      • Methanol Production
  • BIOFUELS
  • TABLE 67 ETHANOL PRODUCTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION LITERS)
  • TABLE 68 ETHANOL PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013 (%)
  • IRON AND STEEL
  • TABLE 69 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT BOTH COG+BFS AND COG PPS IRON AND STEEL PLANTS
  • CEMENT
  • TABLE 70 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A CEMENT PLANT
  • PULP AND PAPER
  • ALUMINIUM
  • TABLE 71 ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY POWER MIX DATA, 2012 (%)

CHAPTER 8 COMPANY PROFILES

  • TABLE 72 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS BY CAPTURE TECHNOLOGY (ABSORPTION, ADSORPTION, MEMBRANES, CRYOGENIC AND CHEMICAL LOOPING)
  • TABLE 73 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS BY CAPTURE TECHNOLOGY (PRE-COMBUSTION, OXY-FUEL AND POST-COMBUSTION)
  • TABLE 74 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS INVOLVED IN CO2 CAPTURE
  • ACCELERGY CORP.
  • ALCOA OF AUSTRALIA LTD.
  • BASF E
  • BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE AG
  • BIOPROCESS ALGAE LLC.
  • CALERA CORP.
  • CARBON CYCLE LTD.
  • CARBON RECYCLING INTERNATIONAL
  • CARBON8 SYSTEMS
  • CARBONCURE TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • CARDIA BIOPLASTICS LTD.
  • CAMBRIDGE CARBON CAPTURE (CCC)
  • CHANGCHUN INSTITUTE OF APPLIED CHEMISTRY (CIAC)
  • DIOXIDE MATERIALS INC.
  • DNV RESEARCH AND INNOVATION (DNV GL GROUP AS)
  • E3TEC SERVICE LLC.
  • EASEL BIOTECHNOLOGIES LLC.
  • ECONIC TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • EMPOWER MATERIALS INC.
  • ENN GROUP CO. LTD.
  • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
  • HENAN TIANGUAN ENTERPRISE GROUP CO. LTD.
  • INTEGRATED CARBON SEQUESTRATION PTY. LTD.
  • JIANGSU ZHONGKE JINLONG-CAS CHEMICAL CO. LTD.
  • JOULE UNLIMITED INC.
  • LANZATECH INC.
  • LIQUID LIGHT INC.
  • MANTRA ENERGY ALTERNATIVES LTD.
  • MBD ENERGY LTD.
  • MINERAL CARBONATION INTERNATIONAL PTY LTD.
  • MITSUI CHEMICALS INC.
  • NORNER AS
  • NOVOMER INC.
  • OAKBIO INC.
  • PIONEER ENERGY INC.
  • POND BIOFUELS INC.
  • QUANTIAM TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • SEAMBIOTIC LTD.
  • SIEMENS AG
  • SK ENERGY CO. LTD.
  • SKYONIC CORP.
  • SOLIDIA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
  • TAIZHOU BANGFENG PLASTIC CO.
  • TWENCE B.V.

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING, BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 1 CO2 EMISSIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 2 GHG REDUCTION TARGETS 2020 BY COUNTRY/ REGION
  • TABLE 3 CARBON PRICE BY COUNTRY ($ PER TON OF CO2)
  • TABLE 4 MERCHANT CO2 DEMAND (INCLUDING EOR) BY END USE (%)
  • TABLE 5 OVERVIEW CAPTURE OPTIONS BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY
  • TABLE 6 CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITIES FOR EOR AND GEOLOGICAL STORAGE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 7 CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITIES BY SEGMENTS, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 8 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE US 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 9 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN CANADA 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 10 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN BRAZIL 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 11 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN GERMANY 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 12 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE NETHERLANDS 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 13 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN NORWAY 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 14 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 15 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN CHINA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 16 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN JAPAN, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 17 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN SOUTH KOREA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 18 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN AUSTRALIA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 19 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 20 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN SAUDI ARABIA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 21 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS IN SOUTH AFRICA, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 22 COMPARISON OF POST-COMBUSTION, PRE-COMBUSTION AND OXY-FUELING TECHNOLOGIES
  • TABLE 23 CO2 CAPTURE CAPACITY BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 24 YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • TABLE 25 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS USING POST-COMBUSTION, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 26 OVERVIEW OF POST-COMBUSTION CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES BY SUPPLIER/DEVELOPER
  • TABLE 27 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS USING PRE-COMBUSTION, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 28 OVERVIEW OF PRE-COMBUSTION CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES BY SUPPLIER/DEVELOPER
  • TABLE 29 SELECTED MAIN TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS OF IGCC COMPONENT TECHNOLOGIES (EXCLUDING ACID GAS REMOVAL)
  • TABLE 30 LARGE CCUS PLANTS AND PROJECTS USING OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 31 TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS BY MAJOR OXY-FUEL COMPONENT SYSTEMS
  • TABLE 32 COST BREAKDOWN OF ELECTRICITY FOR OXY-COMBUSTION POWER PLANTS (%)
  • TABLE 33 SELECTION OF COMMON COMMERCIAL SOLVENTS USED FOR THE REMOVAL OF CO2 FROM NATURAL GAS
  • TABLE 34 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A GAS PROCESSING PLANT
  • TABLE 35 LARGE GAS PROCESSING PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 36 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A HYDROGEN PLANT
  • TABLE 37 LARGE HYDROGEN PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 38 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT AN AMMONIA PLANT
  • TABLE 39 LARGE AMMONIA PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 40 LARGE METHANOL PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 41 LARGE ETHANOL PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 42 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT AN ETHANOL PLANT
  • TABLE 43 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A CTL PLANT
  • TABLE 44 LARGE CTL PLANTS AND PROJECTS WITH CCUS, 2014-2019 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 45 VALUE OF CO2 SUPPLY FOR EMERGING APPLICATIONS VERSUS EOR, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 46 NUMBER OF EOR PROJECTS WORLDWIDE BY RECOVERY TECHNIQUE AS OF 2014
  • TABLE 47 NUMBER OF CO2-EOR PROJECTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY AS OF 2014
  • TABLE 48 CO2-EOR PROJECTS INVOLVING CO2 CAPTURE (MILLION TONS OF CO2 CAPTURED)
  • TABLE 49 VALUE OF CO2 SUPPLY FOR EOR BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 50 YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE VALUE OF CO2 SUPPLY FOR EOR, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS/MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 51 GAS PROVED RESERVES BY COUNTRY AS OF 2013 (%)
  • TABLE 52 YIELD BOOSTING PROJECTS USING NON-CAPTIVE CO2 (MILLION TONS PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 53 WORLD UREA SUPPLY AND DEMAND AND PROJECTED CO2 CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 54 GREENHOUSE PROJECTS USING CAPTURED CO2 (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 55 CCU PROJECTS CONVERTING CO2 INTO POLYMERS (MILLION TONS PER YEAR)
  • TABLE 56 WORLD ENERGY DEMAND FOR TRANSPORTATION BY FUEL TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (MTOE)
  • TABLE 57 NEW CARBON CAPACITIES COMING ON STREAM BY SECTOR (MILLION TONS OF CO2 PER YEAR/%)
  • TABLE 58 WORLD POWER GENERATION BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (TWH)
  • TABLE 59 WORLD POWER GENERATION BY FUEL, THROUGH 2019 (%)
  • TABLE 60 LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY (LCOE) FOR NEW GENERATION RESOURCES, 2012 ($ PER MWH)
  • TABLE 61 COAL RESERVES VS. NATURAL GAS RESERVES, 2013 (BILLIONS TOE/%)
  • TABLE 62 TOP 10 NATURAL GAS PRODUCING COUNTRIES, 2013 (BILLION M3)
  • TABLE 63 NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION (BILLION M3)
  • TABLE 64 NUMBER OF REFINERIES BY REGION, 2014
  • TABLE 65 AMMONIA PRODUCTION CAPACITIES BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 66 WORLD UREA SUPPLY AND DEMAND AND PROJECTED CO2 CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2019 (MILLION TONS)
  • TABLE 67 ETHANOL PRODUCTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION LITERS)
  • TABLE 68 ETHANOL PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013 (%)
  • TABLE 69 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT BOTH COG+BFS AND COG PPS IRON AND STEEL PLANTS
  • TABLE 70 COST OF CAPTURING CO2 AT A CEMENT PLANT
  • TABLE 71 ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY POWER MIX DATA, 2012 (%)
  • TABLE 72 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS BY CAPTURE TECHNOLOGY (ABSORPTION, ADSORPTION, MEMBRANES, CRYOGENIC AND CHEMICAL LOOPING)
  • TABLE 73 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS BY CAPTURE TECHNOLOGY (PRE-COMBUSTION, OXY-FUEL AND POST-COMBUSTION)
  • TABLE 74 TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPERS AND SUPPLIERS INVOLVED IN CO2 CAPTURE

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE YEARLY AND CUMULATIVE INVESTMENT SPENDING, BY SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2019 ($ BILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 1 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF SOLVENT ABSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
  • FIGURE 2 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF GAS ADSORPTION TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
  • FIGURE 3 DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CO2 CAPTURE
  • FIGURE 4 SCHEMATIC OVERVIEW OF CO2 CAPTURE APPROACHES
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