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市場調查報告書

公共事業規模的電力貯存技術:全球市場

Utility-scale Electricity Storage Technologies: Global Markets

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 140097
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 289 Pages
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公共事業規模的電力貯存技術:全球市場 Utility-scale Electricity Storage Technologies: Global Markets
出版日期: 2015年06月18日 內容資訊: 英文 289 Pages
簡介

全球公共事業規模的電力貯存技術在2014年達到103億美元。 該市場預計展現16.4%的年複合成長率,預測到2015年將達到約121億美元的規模。

本報告提供全球公共事業規模的電力貯存 (UES) 技術市場現況與展望調查分析,提供您市場概要,世界市場趨勢分析,產品·零組件相關資訊,UES技術的安裝要件,各地區的分析,市場推動成長因素·阻礙要素及課題分析,並彙整主要企業簡介等資訊,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要

第3章 概要

  • 公共事業規模的電力貯存 (UES) 技術
  • 簡史
  • EES產業的整體課題
  • 大型EES的實行課題
  • 成本與經濟上的可行性
    • 抽蓄水力發電 (PHS)
    • 壓縮空氣能源貯存 (CAES)
    • 電池電力貯存
  • UES技術的優點
    • 電網上的優點
    • 必要尖峰時段發電容量的OFFSET
    • 必要再生能源發電容量的OFFSET
    • 經濟上的優點
    • 再生能源供電·時機上的優點
  • UES技術的缺點
    • 物理的規定·土地要件
    • 水的利用
    • 環境問題
    • 貯存中的能源損失
    • 經濟風險
  • UES技術·系統組件概要
    • 抽蓄水力式水循環貯存 (PHS)
    • 壓縮空氣能源貯存 (CAES) 、及其他
  • 公共事業應用
  • 新的UES技術
    • 小規模技術和新興技術:概要
    • 重要新技術的檢討·市場應變能力

第4章 CAES·PHS·能源儲存技術的法律規章上的支援和獎勵

  • 法律規章上的支援和獎勵
  • 美國的法律規章上的支援和獎勵
    • 聯邦政府
    • 主要的州的標準和獎勵
  • 國際的法律規章上的支援和獎勵: 歐洲
  • 國際的法律規章上的支援和獎勵: 亞洲·澳洲

第5章 產業結構

  • 產業組織
  • 全球產業結構
    • 北美
    • 歐洲
    • 亞洲·澳洲
    • 其他
  • UES產業組織

第6章 主要市場·價格&效能趨勢

  • 地區市場·技術性特徵
  • UES市場前提條件
    • UES技術的需求
    • 基礎設施的補充
    • 關於位置檢討
  • 全球市場的中心
    • 北美
    • 歐洲
    • 亞洲/澳洲
  • 全球UES技術市場概要與地區比較

第7章 企業簡介

  • 抽蓄水力發電 (PHS) 產品·系統
    • 渦輪機
  • 壓縮空氣能源貯存 (CAES) 產品·系統

第8章 附錄I

第9章 附錄II

圖表清單

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目錄
Product Code: EGY056C

The global market for utility-scale electricity storage technology has reached $10.3 billion in 2014. This market is expected to reach nearly $12.1 billion in 2015 and nearly $26.2 billion, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.4%.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global markets for utility-scale electrical storage (UES) technologies which are implemented to temporarily store electricity during periods of available generation capacity, for subsequent use during periods of increased demand, in support of load leveling and grid balancing.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Information on various UES products and components such as injection pumps, wellheads, compressors, expanders, gas turbines, hydro turbines, dams, centrifugal pumps, and a suite of other equipment and facilities.
  • Requirements for installation of UES technologies such as subterranean caves, aquifers, or abandoned/sealed mine shafts, or surface features such as an existing reservoir or reservoir site, typically located in areas of high topographical relief, and frequently including substantial biological and other natural resources.
  • The basis and installation/market potential for UES demand regionally.
  • Analysis of the market's dynamics including growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.
  • Profiles of major players in the industry.

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REPORT SCOPE

SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY

The scope of this investigation includes the major viable UES technologies that are currently being implemented in the power generation industry. These technologies are implemented to temporarily store electricity during periods of available generation capacity, for subsequent use during periods of increased demand, in support of load leveling and grid balancing. The energy storage technologies discussed in this report are increasingly deployed in support of intermittent renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy, which frequently generate power outside of peak demand periods. In these cases, UES technologies can facilitate delivery of renewable power to end users during periods of high and peak use, in support of utility level regulations and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction strategies, which are increasingly common in the global electricity market.

Installation and operation of UES technologies can include various products and components such as injection pumps, wellheads, compressors, expanders, gas turbines, hydro turbines, dams, centrifugal pumps, and a suite of other equipment and facilities. Other important requirements for installation of UES technologies may include, depending on the specific technology employed, sufficient geological resources such as subterranean caves, aquifers, or abandoned/sealed mine shafts, or surface features such as an existing reservoir or reservoir site, typically located in areas of high topographical relief, and frequently including substantial biological and other natural resources. Although substantial amounts of water and air may be required for operation of UES technologies, these specific requirements are not considered UES products within this report, because they are supplied at relatively little to zero direct cost, unlike mechanical and other components, which must be purchased separately.

The market analysis provided in this report is based on a variety of data sources. These include the most recent government, industry and academic data regarding the projected level of demand for utility-scale electricity storage technologies that could potentially translate into UES projects. These data were supplemented with an evaluation of major enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects that have been announced, or that are currently being proposed. Therefore, this report provides a comprehensive review of available data to provide a realistic, robust and accurate assessment of this quickly changing market.

Emerging UES technologies anticipated to be commercially viable within the next five years are summarized but are not included in the market assessment of this report. BCC Research analyzes each major viable utility-scale energy storage technology, determines its current market status, examines its impact on future markets and presents forecasts of growth over the next five years. Technological issues, including the latest trends, are assessed and discussed, as are the current and likely regulatory environments in support of this industry.

BCC Research analyzes the industry on a worldwide basis in terms of its manufacturing and the deployment of its technologies or products. BCC Research examines government roles in support of EOR technologies worldwide, including regulatory support, government requirements and promotional incentives for various UES technologies as relevant and available. BCC Research provides a review of the most relevant UES technologies, discusses recent trends in capacity installation and unit sales, and provides industry overviews and market assessments for each UES technology.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Christopher Maara holds a master's degree in finance and development from the University of London's School of Oriental & African Studies (SOAS), and has been a Country Risk and Energy Markets Analysts with London-based Business Monitor International (BMI) and Visiongain Ltd. He has also worked on several small-scale, mini-hydro projects in Kenya and has been involved in the design and installation of pico and mini-hydro turbines.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • REASONS FOR COMPLETING THIS STUDY
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE STUDY AND FOR WHOM
  • SCOPE OF REPORT AND METHODOLOGY
  • WORLDWIDE MARKET
  • TABLE A LIST OF GLOBAL MARKETS CONSIDERED IN THIS STUDY
  • METHODOLOGY
  • TABLE B RESEARCH INFORMATION SOURCES
  • INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY
  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (CAPEX) BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)`
  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPEX BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW

  • TABLE 1 UES TECHNOLOGIES (MW)
  • UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
  • BRIEF HISTORY
  • OVERALL CHALLENGES FOR THE EES INDUSTRY
  • CHALLENGES FOR IMPLEMENTING LARGE-SCALE EES
  • COSTS AND ECONOMIC VIABILITY
    • PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE
    • COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE
    • BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE
    • TABLE 2 MAIN MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS (MW, MWH, $/KWH)
  • BENEFITS OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • GRID BENEFITS
      • Load Leveling
      • FIGURE 1 STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE
      • Capacity Factor/Dispatch for Intermittent Renewables
      • Peaking Power Support
    • OFFSET OF NEEDED PEAKING POWER GENERATION CAPACITY
    • OFFSET OF NEEDED RENEWABLE GENERATION CAPACITY
    • ECONOMIC BENEFITS
    • Energy Arbitrage
      • Investment Deferral
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY DISPATCH AND TIMING BENEFITS
    • FIGURE 2 EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION, CALIFORNIA (MW)
    • DRAWBACKS OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • PHYSICAL CONSTRAINTS AND LAND REQUIREMENTS
    • WATER USE
    • ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
    • ENERGY LOSS DURING STORAGE
    • ECONOMIC RISK
  • DESCRIPTION OF UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    • PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE
    • FIGURE 3 SALINA (OKLAHOMA) PUMPED STORAGE PROJECT
    • FIGURE 4 PHS SYSTEM UTILIZES SEAWATER, OKINAWA, JAPAN
    • FIGURE 5 EXCAVATED PHS CONCEPT
      • Pumps and Turbines
      • FIGURE 6 CROSS-SECTION OF A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
      • FIGURE 7 REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE DURING ASSEMBLY
      • FIGURE 8 GENERATOR FOR A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
    • GRAVITY POWER MODULE PUMPED HYDRO STORAGE
    • FIGURE 9 CROSS-SECTION OF GRAVITY POWER MODULE (GPM) SYSTEM
    • COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE
    • FIGURE 10 HUNTORF CAES
    • FIGURE 11 MCINTOSH CAES
    • FIGURE 12 SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF A CAES SYSTEM
      • Air Compressors
      • FIGURE 13 AXIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (LEFT) AND RADIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (RIGHT)
      • Intercoolers and Aftercoolers
      • Recuperators
      • Expanders
      • FIGURE 14 AIR EXPANDER
      • Gas Turbine
      • FIGURE 15 STANDARD GAS TURBINE WITH COMPRESSOR SECTION
      • Generators
      • FIGURE 16 MCINTOSH GAS TURBINE (BOTTOM), GENERATOR (TOP), AND EXHAUST (RIGHT)
    • UTILITY APPLICATIONS
    • TABLE 3 UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF PHS, CAES AND BES
    • EMERGING UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 17 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, BES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
    • OVERVIEW OF SMALL-SCALE AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 18 MATURITY STAGE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
      • CAES Heat Storage and Advanced Adiabatic CAES
      • Flow Batteries
      • FIGURE 19 FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
      • Lead-Acid Batteries
      • Lithium-Ion Batteries
      • Sodium-Sulfur Battery Systems
      • Vanadium Redox Battery Systems
      • Zinc-Bromine Battery Systems
      • Ultracapacitors
      • Flywheels
    • REVIEW OF RELEVANT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND POTENTIAL FOR MARKET READINESS
    • FIGURE 20 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

CHAPTER 4 REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES FOR CAES, PHS AND ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES

  • REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES
  • UNITED STATES REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES
    • FEDERAL
      • U.S. Internal Revenue Service
      • Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit
      • TABLE 4 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT: IN-SERVICE DEADLINE, 2014 ($/KWH)
      • FIGURE 21 IMPACT OF PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION ON U.S. ANNUAL INSTALLED WIND CAPACITY
      • Qualifying Advanced Energy Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit
        • Phase III
      • Clean Renewable Energy Bonds
      • TABLE 5 CLEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY BONDS ALLOCATION SUMMARY, 2015
      • Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds
    • U.S. Department of Energy
      • Green Power Purchasing Goal
      • Loan Guarantee Program
        • Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program
        • Renewable Energy and Efficient Energy Projects
      • Renewable Electricity Production Incentive
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture
      • USDA Rural Energy for America Program - Grants and Loan Guarantees
      • Rural Energy for America Program (REAP)
    • SELECT STATE-LEVEL STANDARDS AND INCENTIVES
      • Alaska
        • Renewable Energy Grant Recommendation Program
        • Alternative Energy Conservation Loan Fund
      • Arizona
        • Renewable Energy Business Tax Incentive
        • Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Property
        • Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Equipment
        • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)
        • TABLE 6 TAX CREDIT FOR PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV) AND SOLAR THERMAL ELECTRIC SYSTEMS VARIATION, 2011-2020 ($/KWH)
        • Renewable Energy Tax Credit for Manufacturers (Corporate)
        • Renewable Energy Standard
        • TABLE 7 ARIZONA RENEWABLE ENERGY AND DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE QUOTAS, 2006-2025 (RETAIL ELECTRICAL LOAD % [% OF RENEWABLE ENERGY QUOTA])
      • California
        • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • LADWP - Feed-in Tariff (FiT) Program
        • TABLE 8 BASE PRICE OF ENERGY AND TIME OF DELIVERY MULTIPLIERS ($/KW)
      • Colorado
        • Renewable Energy Property Tax Assessment
        • TABLE 9 COLORADO RENEWABLE ENERGY PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT COST THRESHOLD VALUES, 2009 ($/KW)
        • New Energy Economic Development Grant Program
        • Renewable Energy Standard
          • Requirement for Investor-Owned Utilities
          • Distributed Generation Carve-out (Investor-Owned Utilities Only)
          • TABLE 10 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS, 2007-2020 (%)
          • Requirement for Cooperatives and Municipal Utilities
          • Credit Multipliers
        • Renewable Energy Property Tax Assessment
      • Hawaii
        • Farm and Aquaculture Alternative Energy Loan
        • High-Technology Business Investment Tax Credit
        • Renewable Energy Project Bond Program
      • Iowa
        • Alternative Energy Law (AEL)
        • Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption
        • Solar Energy Systems Tax Credit (Corporate) 8
        • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits (Corporate)
      • Maine
        • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • TABLE 11 CLASS I STANDARD FOR MAINE RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD, 2008-2017 AND BEYOND (%)
        • Maine's Wind Energy Goals
      • Maryland
        • Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard
        • TABLE 12 MARYLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARD COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS, 2006-2022 AND BEYOND (%)
      • Michigan
        • Renewable Energy Standard
        • TABLE 13 MICHIGAN RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARD, ANNUAL BENCHMARKS, 2012-2015 (PERCENT OF TOTAL 2015 OBLIGATION*)
      • New Mexico
        • Interconnection Standards
        • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)
        • TABLE 14 NEW MEXICO RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION TAX INCENTIVE ($/KWH)
      • New York
        • Renewable, Clean Energy and Energy Efficient Product Manufacturing Incentive Program
      • Oklahoma
        • Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit
      • Oregon
        • Solar Electric Incentive Program
      • Pennsylvania
        • DECD Alternative Clean Energy Program
        • Loans
        • Grants
        • Loan Guarantees
      • South Carolina
        • Distributed Energy Resource Program
      • Texas
        • Austin - Renewables Portfolio Standard
        • Renewable Generation Requirement
        • TABLE 15 TEXAS RENEWABLE GENERATION REQUIREMENT COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, 2007-2015 (MW)
        • Department of Rural Affairs - Renewable Energy Demonstration Pilot Program
    • INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES: EUROPE
      • European Union
        • EU Climate and Energy Package: Renewable Energy Targets
        • An Energy Policy for Europe
        • European Council Action Plan (2007-2009) Energy Policy for Europe
        • Seventh Framework Program for Research and Technological Development
        • TABLE 16 ENERGY RESEARCH UNDER FP7
        • Strategic Energy Technology Plan: Toward a Low Carbon Future
        • Directive on the Taxation of Energy Products and Electricity
      • Austria
        • Klima: Aktiv Program
        • Okostromverordnung (feed-in tariffs) 2010 - OSVO 2010
      • Belgium
        • Offshore Domanial Concessions for Wind and Ocean Energy Production
        • Federal Green Certificate Scheme
        • Flanders: Green Certificate Scheme
        • Wallonia: Green Certificate Scheme
        • National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)
      • Denmark
        • Energy Research Programme
        • Electricity Supply Act
        • Subsidies for Renewable Electricity Generation
        • Replacement Scheme for Wind Turbines on Land
        • Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020
        • Energy-efficiency Measures
        • Renewable Energy in Industry
        • Promotion of Renewable Energy Act
        • Feed-in Premium Tariffs for Renewable Power
      • France
        • Wind Energy Programme
        • Electricity Law 2000
        • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership
        • Hydropower Revival Plan
        • Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Solar PV
        • Energy Bill 2015
      • Germany
        • Green Power
        • Renewable Energy Sources Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz EEG) 2004
        • 2009 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act
        • 2014 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG)
        • KfW Renewable Energies Program (KfW-Programme Erneuerbare Energien)
      • Greece
        • Development Incentives for Renewable Energy Sources
        • Generation of Electricity using Renewable Energy Sources
      • Italy
        • RES Promotion - Decrees Implementing Directive 2001/77/EC
        • RES Promotion - Decree implementing Directive 2009/28/EC
      • Portugal
        • Wave Energy Pilot Zone
        • Renewable Feed-in Tariffs
        • Microgeneration Law (Application Decree Law 118-A/2010)
      • Spain
        • Offshore Wind Power Regulations
        • Feed-in Tariffs for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources
        • Cabinet of Ministers Ruling for Wind and Solar Thermal Electric Energy Quotas
        • Sustainable Economy Law
      • United Kingdom
        • Renewable Energy Strategy 2009
        • Offshore Wind Capitol Grants Scheme
    • INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT AND INCENTIVES: ASIA AND AUSTRALIA
      • Australia
        • Renewable Energy Target
        • Clean Energy Program
        • Renewable Energy Demonstration Program
        • Improving Grid Accessibility
      • China
        • Preferential Tax Policies for Renewable Energy
        • Medium- and Long-Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy
        • Wind Power Concession Programme
      • India
        • Renewable Energy Certificates System
      • Indonesia
        • National Energy Blueprint
        • New Zealand
        • Marine Energy Deployment Fund
      • Thailand
        • Strategic Plan for Renewable Energy Development

CHAPTER 5 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE

  • INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION
  • FIGURE 22 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR PROCUREMENT/INSTALLATION OF PHS AND CAES TECHNOLOGIES
    • UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVELOPERS
    • ENGINEERING AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT CONTRACTORS
    • COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND FABRICATORS
    • CONSTRUCTION AND PROCUREMENT CONTRACTORS
    • RAW MATERIALS PRODUCERS
  • GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • NORTH AMERICA
      • Industry Trends
      • FIGURE 23 U.S. UES STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES IN USE BY MARKET SHARE (GW)
      • FIGURE 24 CUMULATIVE COMMISSIONED PHS INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES BY CAPACITY, 2009-2014 (MW)
      • Major Industry Companies
      • TABLE 17 MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERING COMPANIES
      • Major North American UES Industry Facets
    • EUROPE
      • Industry Trends
      • FIGURE 25 PHS INSTALLATIONS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (MW/%)
      • Major Industry Companies
      • TABLE 18 MAJOR EUROPEAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERING COMPANIES
      • Major European UES Industry Facets
    • ASIA AND AUSTRALIA
      • Industry Trends
      • FIGURE 26 PUMPED STORAGE PROJECTS GROWTH IN CHINA BY CAPACITY, 1994-2020 (KW)
      • Major Industry Companies
      • FIGURE 19 FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
      • Major Asian UES Industry Facets
    • REST OF THE WORLD
      • Industry Trends
      • Major Industry Companies
      • Major RoW UES Industry Facets
  • UES INDUSTRY ORGANIZATIONS
  • TABLE 20 MAJOR UES INDUSTRY GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS

CHAPTER 6 MAJOR MARKETS AND TRENDS IN PRICE AND PERFORMANCE

  • REGIONAL MARKETS AND TECHNOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS
  • UES MARKET PREREQUISITES
  • TABLE 21 PREREQUISITES FOR UES TRACTION IN REGIONAL MARKETS
    • DEMAND FOR UES TECHNOLOGIES
    • INFRASTRUCTURE SUFFICIENCY
    • SITING CONSIDERATIONS
  • GLOBAL MARKET CENTERS
    • NORTH AMERICA
    • TABLE 22 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA, 1961-1995 (MW)
    • FIGURE 27 U.S. PUMPED HYDRO STORAGE CAPACITY LOCATIONS (MW)
    • FIGURE 28 U.S. POTENTIAL NEW PUMPED STORAGE PLANT SITES AT GREENFIELD HYDROELECTRIC PLANT SITES (MW)
    • TABLE 23 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION PHS PERMITTING ACTIVITY, OCTOBER 2014 (MW)
    • FIGURE 29 PRELIMINARY PERMITS ISSUED FOR PUMPED STORAGE PROJECTS MAP
    • FIGURE 30 LOCATIONS OF SELECT PROPOSED PHS PROJECTS
    • TABLE 24 NORTH AMERICAN PROPOSED CAES PROJECTS SINCE 2010 (MW)
      • Key Drivers for the North American Market
      • FIGURE 31 CO-OCCURRENCE OF WIND RESOURCES AND GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES
      • Growth Potential for the North American Market
      • North American Market Projected Trends
      • TABLE 25 NORTH AMERICAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 32 NORTH AMERICAN PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 26 NORTH AMERICAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 33 NORTH AMERICAN CAES MARKET, 2014- 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
        • CAES Storage/Appurtenances
        • BES Storage
      • TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 34 `NORTH AMERICAN BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • EUROPE
    • TABLE 28 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN EUROPE, 1965-2008 (MW)
    • TABLE 29 EUROPEAN PHS PROJECTS BY COUNTRY, 2015-2019 (MW)
    • FIGURE 35 ANNOUNCED EUROPEAN PHS CAPACITY, BY COUNTRY (MW)
    • FIGURE 36 EUROPEAN PHS ELECTRICITY GENERATION, BY COUNTRY (TWH)
    • TABLE 30 EUROPEAN CAES ANNOUNCED CAES PROJECTS SINCE 2007 (MW)
      • Key Drivers for the European Market
      • FIGURE 37 CO-OCCURRENCE OF WIND RESOURCES AND GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES
      • Growth Potential for the European Market
      • European Market Projected Trends
      • TABLE 31 EUROPEAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 38 EUROPEAN PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 32 EUROPEAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 39 EUROPEAN CAES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 33 EUROPEAN BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 40 EUROPEAN BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • ASIA/AUSTRALIA
    • TABLE 34 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN ASIA AND AUSTRALIA BY COUNTRY, 1972-2010 (MW)
    • TABLE 35 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS PROJECTS BY COUNTRY, 2015-2020 (MW)
      • Key Drivers for the Asian/Australian Market
      • FIGURE 41 OCCURRENCE OF SALT FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES
      • Growth Potential for the Asian/Australian Market
      • Asian/Australian Market Projected Trends
      • TABLE 36 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 42 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 37 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 43 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN CAES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • TABLE 38 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 44 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • REST OF THE WORLD
    • TABLE 39 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN LATIN AMERICA AND AFRICA, 1981-2004 (MW)
    • TABLE 40 REST OF THE WORLD PHS PROJECTS, 2015-2018 (MW)
      • Key Drivers for the Rest of the World Market
      • Growth Potential for the Rest of the World Market
      • Rest of the World Market Projected Trends
      • TABLE 41 REST OF THE WORLD PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 45 REST OF THE WORLD PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)`
      • TABLE 42 REST OF THE WORLD BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 46 REST OF THE WORLD BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • OVERVIEW OF THE GLOBAL UES TECHNOLOGY MARKET AND REGIONAL COMPARISON
  • TABLE 43 GLOBAL PHS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 47 GLOBAL PHS MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 44 GLOBAL CAES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 48 GLOBAL CAES MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 45 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 49 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 46 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 50 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 47 GLOBAL UES NEW CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW)
  • FIGURE 51 GLOBAL UES NEW CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (MW)
  • TABLE 48 GLOBAL UES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 52 GLOBAL UES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 COMPANY PROFILES

  • PUMPED HYDROLOGIC STORAGE PRODUCTS AND SYSTEMS
    • TURBINES
      • ABB Ltd.
        • North American Corporate Headquarters
        • TABLE 49 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABB, LTD.
      • Alstom Hydro S.L.
        • Alstom Power Inc.
        • TABLE 50 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALSTOM HYDRO S.L.
      • Andritz Hydro GmbH
        • Andritz Hydro Corp.
        • TABLE 51 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANDRITZ HYDRO GMBH
      • Ansaldo Energia
        • Ansaldo Energia Spa
        • TABLE 52 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANSALDO ENERGIA
      • B. Maier Wasserkraft GmbH Anlagenbau
        • TABLE 53 COMPANY OVERVIEW: B. MAIER WASSERKRAFT
      • Bharat Heavy Electricals, Ltd.
        • TABLE 54 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS, LTD.
      • Chongqing Lisong Electromechanical Equipment Co., Ltd.
        • TABLE 55 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CHONGQING LISONG ELECTROMECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
      • Dongfang Electric Co., Ltd.
        • Dongfang - USA
        • TABLE 56 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP.
      • Ebara Corp.
        • Ebara America Corp.
        • TABLE 57 COMPANY OVERVIEW: EBARA CORP.
      • Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon, Ltd.
        • Gilkes Inc.
        • TABLE 58 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GILBERT GILKES & GORDON, LTD.
      • Global Hydro Energy GmbH
        • TABLE 59 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GLOBAL HYDRO ENERGY GMBH
      • Gugler Water Turbines GmbH
        • TABLE 60 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GUGLER WATER TURBINES GMBH
      • Harbin Electric Machinery Co., Ltd.
        • TABLE 61 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HARBIN ELECTRIC MACHINERY CO., LTD.
      • Hitachi, Ltd. Power Systems Co.
        • Hitachi Power and Industrial Systems Division
        • Hitachi Power Systems America
        • TABLE 62 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HITACHI, LTD. POWER SYSTEMS CO.
      • Hunan Lingling Hengyuan Generating Equipment Co., Ltd.
        • TABLE 63 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HUNAN LINGLING HENGYUAN GENERATING EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
      • HydroWorks Limited.
        • TABLE 64 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HYDROWORKS LIMITED
      • Hyundai Ideal Electric Co.
        • TABLE 65 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HYUNDAI IDEAL ELECTRIC CO.
      • IMPSA International Inc.
        • USA - IMPSA International
        • TABLE 66 COMPANY OVERVIEW: IMPSA INTERNATIONAL INC.
      • Ingeteam Energy, SA
        • Ingeteam Energy, SA
        • TABLE 67 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INGETEAM ENERGY SA
      • Kirloskar Brothers, Ltd.
        • Kirloskar Brothers, LLC
        • TABLE 68 COMPANY OVERVIEW: KIRLOSKAR BROTHERS, LTD.
      • Litostroj Power d.o.o.
        • Litostroj Power - Litostroj Hydro Inc.
        • TABLE 69 COMPANY OVERVIEW: LITOSTROJ POWER D.O.O.
      • MarelliMotori
        • Marelli USA Inc.
        • TABLE 70 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MARELLIMOTORI S.P.A.
      • Mavel a.s.
        • Mavel a.s.
        • TABLE 71 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MAVEL A.S.
      • Meidensha Corp.
        • Meiden America Inc.
        • TABLE 72 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MEIDENSHA CORP.
      • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
        • Mitsubishi Electric Power Products Inc.
        • TABLE 73 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES AND MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC
      • OJSC Turboatom
        • TABLE 74 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OJSC TURBOATOM
      • Orengine International, Ltd.
        • TABLE 75 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ORENGINE INTERNATIONAL, LTD.
      • Ossberger GmbH + Co.
        • Ossberger Turbines Inc.
        • TABLE 76 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OSSBERGER GMBH + CO
      • Parsons Peebles Generation, Ltd.
        • TABLE 77 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARSONS PEEBLES GENERATION, LTD.
      • Pentair Inc
        • TABLE 78 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OJSC POWER MACHINES
      • Power Machines OJSC
      • Rainpower Norway AS
        • TABLE 79 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RAINPOWER NORWAY AS
      • Reivax Automação e Controle S/A
        • Reivax North America Inc.
        • TABLE 80 COMPANY OVERVIEW: REIVAX S/A AUTOMACAO CONTROLE
      • Rittmeyer AG
        • Sales Office USA
        • TABLE 81 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RITTMEYER AG
        • Ruselprom Engineering Ltd
        • Ruselprom Trade Office
        • TABLE 82 COMPANY OVERVIEW: JSC TURBOENGINEERING-RUSELPROM
      • Sicmemotori SpA
        • TABLE 83 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SICMEMOTORI SPA
      • SPP Pumps
        • SPP Pumps Inc.
        • TABLE 84 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SPP PUMPS
      • Sundyne Corp.
        • TABLE 85 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNDYNE CORP.
      • TES Vsetin a.s.
        • TABLE 86 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TES VSETIN
        • Toshiba Hydro Power
        • TABLE 87 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TOSHIBA POWER SYSTEMS CO.
      • UCM Resita Turbines
        • TABLE 88 COMPANY OVERVIEW: UCM RESITA SA
      • VAPTECH
        • TABLE 89 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VAPTECH
      • Voith Hydro GmbH & Co. KG
        • Peak Hydro Services Inc.
        • TABLE 90 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VOITH HYDRO GMBH CO. KG
      • Wasserkraft Volk AG
        • TABLE 91 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WASSERKRAFT VOLK AG
      • Weir American Hydro
        • Weir American Hydro Manufacturing USA
        • TABLE 92 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WEIR AMERICAN HYDRO
  • COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE PRODUCTS AND SYSTEMS
    • ALMIG KOMPRESSOREN GMBH
      • ALMiG USA Corp.
      • TABLE 93 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALMiG KOMPRESSOREN GMBH
    • ALSTOM POWER
      • U.S. Sales
      • TABLE 94 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALSTOM POWER
    • ANSALDO ENERGIA
      • Milano Offices
      • TABLE 95 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANSALDO ENERGIA
    • API HEAT TRANSFER INC.
    • TABLE 96 COMPANY OVERVIEW: API HEAT TRANSFER INC.
    • ATLAS COPCO GAS AND PROCESS GMBH
      • Atlas Copco Compressors Inc.
      • TABLE 97 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ATLAS COPCO GAS AND PROCESS
    • BAUER COMP HOLDING GMBH
      • Bauer Compressors Inc.
      • TABLE 98 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BAUER COMPRESSORS
    • BRAYTON ENERGY, LLC
    • TABLE 99 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BRAYTON ENERGY
    • BTEC TURBINES, LP
    • TABLE 100 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BTEC TURBINES, LP
    • DRESSER-RAND
    • TABLE 101 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DRESSER-RAND
    • ELLIOTT CO.
      • Ebara Corp.
      • TABLE 102 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ELLIOTT CO.
    • GE ENERGY
    • TABLE 103 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GE ENERGY
    • MAN DIESEL & TURBO SE
      • MAN Diesel PrimeServ
      • TABLE 104 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MAN DIESEL AND TURBO SE
    • PARKER HANNIFIN
    • TABLE 105 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARKER HANNIFIN
    • R&D DYNAMICS CORP.
    • TABLE 106 COMPANY OVERVIEW: R &D DYNAMICS CORP.
    • SIEMENS AG
    • TABLE 107 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SIEMENS ENERGY
    • SOLAR TURBINES INC.
    • TABLE 108 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAR TURBINES INC.
    • SSS GEARS
      • SSS Clutch Co. Inc.
      • TABLE 109 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SSS GEARS, LTD.
    • STRUTHERS WELLS
    • TABLE 110 COMPANY OVERVIEW: STRUTHERS WELLS
    • SUSTAINX
    • TABLE 111 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUSTAINX INC.

CHAPTER 8 APPENDIX I

  • CURRENCY CODES
  • ABBREVIATIONS OF UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
  • ACRONYMS

CHAPTER 9 APPENDIX II

  • REFERENCES

LIST OF TABLES

  • TABLE A LIST OF GLOBAL MARKETS CONSIDERED IN THIS STUDY
  • TABLE B RESEARCH INFORMATION SOURCES
  • SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (CAPEX) BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)`
  • TABLE 1 UES TECHNOLOGIES (MW)
  • TABLE 2 MAIN MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS (MW, MWH, $/KWH)
  • TABLE 3 UTILITY APPLICATIONS OF PHS, CAES AND BES
  • TABLE 4 RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT: IN-SERVICE DEADLINE, 2014 ($/KWH)
  • TABLE 5 CLEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY BONDS ALLOCATION SUMMARY, 2015
  • TABLE 6 TAX CREDIT FOR PHOTOVOLTAICS (PV) AND SOLAR THERMAL ELECTRIC SYSTEMS VARIATION, 2011-2020 ($/KWH)
  • TABLE 7 ARIZONA RENEWABLE ENERGY AND DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE QUOTAS, 2006-2025 (RETAIL ELECTRICAL LOAD % [% OF RENEWABLE ENERGY QUOTA])
  • TABLE 8 BASE PRICE OF ENERGY AND TIME OF DELIVERY MULTIPLIERS ($/KW)
  • TABLE 9 COLORADO RENEWABLE ENERGY PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT COST THRESHOLD VALUES, 2009 ($/KW)
  • TABLE 10 COLORADO RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD QUOTAS, 2007-2020 (%)
  • TABLE 11 CLASS I STANDARD FOR MAINE RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD, 2008-2017 AND BEYOND (%)
  • TABLE 12 MARYLAND RENEWABLE ENERGY PORTFOLIO STANDARD COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS, 2006-2022 AND BEYOND (%)
  • TABLE 13 MICHIGAN RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARD, ANNUAL BENCHMARKS, 2012-2015 (PERCENT OF TOTAL 2015 OBLIGATION*)
  • TABLE 14 NEW MEXICO RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION TAX INCENTIVE ($/KWH)
  • TABLE 15 TEXAS RENEWABLE GENERATION REQUIREMENT COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE, 2007-2015 (MW)
  • TABLE 16 ENERGY RESEARCH UNDER FP7
  • TABLE 17 MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERING COMPANIES
  • TABLE 18 MAJOR EUROPEAN UES COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS AND ENGINEERING COMPANIES
  • TABLE 20 MAJOR UES INDUSTRY GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS
  • TABLE 21 PREREQUISITES FOR UES TRACTION IN REGIONAL MARKETS
  • TABLE 22 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN NORTH AMERICA, 1961-1995 (MW)
  • TABLE 23 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION PHS PERMITTING ACTIVITY, OCTOBER 2014 (MW)
  • TABLE 24 NORTH AMERICAN PROPOSED CAES PROJECTS SINCE 2010 (MW)
  • TABLE 25 NORTH AMERICAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 26 NORTH AMERICAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 27 NORTH AMERICAN BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 28 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN EUROPE, 1965-2008 (MW)
  • TABLE 29 EUROPEAN PHS PROJECTS BY COUNTRY, 2015-2019 (MW)
  • TABLE 30 EUROPEAN CAES ANNOUNCED CAES PROJECTS SINCE 2007 (MW)
  • TABLE 31 EUROPEAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 32 EUROPEAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 33 EUROPEAN BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 34 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN ASIA AND AUSTRALIA BY COUNTRY, 1972-2010 (MW)
  • TABLE 35 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS PROJECTS BY COUNTRY, 2015-2020 (MW)
  • TABLE 36 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 37 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN CAES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 38 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 39 MAJOR HISTORIC UES PROJECTS IN LATIN AMERICA AND AFRICA, 1981-2004 (MW)
  • TABLE 40 REST OF THE WORLD PHS PROJECTS, 2015-2018 (MW)
  • TABLE 41 REST OF THE WORLD PHS NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 42 REST OF THE WORLD BES NEW CAPACITY AND MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 43 GLOBAL PHS MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 44 GLOBAL CAES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 45 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 46 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW/$ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 47 GLOBAL UES NEW CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 (MW)
  • TABLE 48 GLOBAL UES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TABLE 49 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ABB, LTD.
  • TABLE 50 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALSTOM HYDRO S.L.
  • TABLE 51 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANDRITZ HYDRO GMBH
  • TABLE 52 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANSALDO ENERGIA
  • TABLE 53 COMPANY OVERVIEW: B. MAIER WASSERKRAFT
  • TABLE 54 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS, LTD.
  • TABLE 55 COMPANY OVERVIEW: CHONGQING LISONG ELECTROMECHANICAL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
  • TABLE 56 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP.
  • TABLE 57 COMPANY OVERVIEW: EBARA CORP.
  • TABLE 58 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GILBERT GILKES & GORDON, LTD.
  • TABLE 59 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GLOBAL HYDRO ENERGY GMBH
  • TABLE 60 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GUGLER WATER TURBINES GMBH
  • TABLE 61 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HARBIN ELECTRIC MACHINERY CO., LTD.
  • TABLE 62 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HITACHI, LTD. POWER SYSTEMS CO.
  • TABLE 63 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HUNAN LINGLING HENGYUAN GENERATING EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
  • TABLE 64 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HYDROWORKS LIMITED
  • TABLE 65 COMPANY OVERVIEW: HYUNDAI IDEAL ELECTRIC CO.
  • TABLE 66 COMPANY OVERVIEW: IMPSA INTERNATIONAL INC.
  • TABLE 67 COMPANY OVERVIEW: INGETEAM ENERGY SA
  • TABLE 68 COMPANY OVERVIEW: KIRLOSKAR BROTHERS, LTD.
  • TABLE 69 COMPANY OVERVIEW: LITOSTROJ POWER D.O.O.
  • TABLE 70 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MARELLIMOTORI S.P.A.
  • TABLE 71 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MAVEL A.S.
  • TABLE 72 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MEIDENSHA CORP.
  • TABLE 73 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES AND MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC
  • TABLE 74 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OJSC TURBOATOM
  • TABLE 75 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ORENGINE INTERNATIONAL, LTD.
  • TABLE 76 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OSSBERGER GMBH + CO
  • TABLE 77 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARSONS PEEBLES GENERATION, LTD.
  • TABLE 78 COMPANY OVERVIEW: OJSC POWER MACHINES
  • TABLE 79 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RAINPOWER NORWAY AS
  • TABLE 80 COMPANY OVERVIEW: REIVAX S/A AUTOMACAO CONTROLE
  • TABLE 81 COMPANY OVERVIEW: RITTMEYER AG
  • TABLE 82 COMPANY OVERVIEW: JSC TURBOENGINEERING-RUSELPROM
  • TABLE 83 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SICMEMOTORI SPA
  • TABLE 84 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SPP PUMPS
  • TABLE 85 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUNDYNE CORP.
  • TABLE 86 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TES VSETIN
  • TABLE 87 COMPANY OVERVIEW: TOSHIBA POWER SYSTEMS CO.
  • TABLE 88 COMPANY OVERVIEW: UCM RESITA SA
  • TABLE 89 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VAPTECH
  • TABLE 90 COMPANY OVERVIEW: VOITH HYDRO GMBH CO. KG
  • TABLE 91 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WASSERKRAFT VOLK AG
  • TABLE 92 COMPANY OVERVIEW: WEIR AMERICAN HYDRO
  • TABLE 93 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALMIG KOMPRESSOREN GMBH
  • TABLE 94 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ALSTOM POWER
  • TABLE 95 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ANSALDO ENERGIA
  • TABLE 96 COMPANY OVERVIEW: API HEAT TRANSFER INC.
  • TABLE 97 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ATLAS COPCO GAS AND PROCESS
  • TABLE 98 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BAUER COMPRESSORS
  • TABLE 99 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BRAYTON ENERGY
  • TABLE 100 COMPANY OVERVIEW: BTEC TURBINES, LP
  • TABLE 101 COMPANY OVERVIEW: DRESSER-RAND
  • TABLE 102 COMPANY OVERVIEW: ELLIOTT CO.
  • TABLE 103 COMPANY OVERVIEW: GE ENERGY
  • TABLE 104 COMPANY OVERVIEW: MAN DIESEL AND TURBO SE
  • TABLE 105 COMPANY OVERVIEW: PARKER HANNIFIN
  • TABLE 106 COMPANY OVERVIEW: R &D DYNAMICS CORP.
  • TABLE 107 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SIEMENS ENERGY
  • TABLE 108 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SOLAR TURBINES INC.
  • TABLE 109 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SSS GEARS, LTD.
  • TABLE 110 COMPANY OVERVIEW: STRUTHERS WELLS
  • TABLE 111 COMPANY OVERVIEW: SUSTAINX INC.

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY-SCALE ELECTRICITY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CAPEX BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 1 STYLIZED REPRESENTATION OF A DAILY LOAD CURVE
  • FIGURE 2 EXAMPLE OF OFFSET RENEWABLE GENERATION: WIND GENERATION, CALIFORNIA (MW)
  • FIGURE 3 SALINA (OKLAHOMA) PUMPED STORAGE PROJECT
  • FIGURE 4 PHS SYSTEM UTILIZES SEAWATER, OKINAWA, JAPAN
  • FIGURE 5 EXCAVATED PHS CONCEPT
  • FIGURE 6 CROSS-SECTION OF A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
  • FIGURE 7 REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE DURING ASSEMBLY
  • FIGURE 8 GENERATOR FOR A REVERSIBLE PUMP TURBINE
  • FIGURE 9 CROSS-SECTION OF GRAVITY POWER MODULE (GPM) SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 10 HUNTORF CAES
  • FIGURE 11 MCINTOSH CAES
  • FIGURE 12 SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION OF A CAES SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 13 AXIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (LEFT) AND RADIAL AIR COMPRESSOR (RIGHT)
  • FIGURE 14 AIR EXPANDER
  • FIGURE 15 STANDARD GAS TURBINE WITH COMPRESSOR SECTION
  • FIGURE 16 MCINTOSH GAS TURBINE (BOTTOM), GENERATOR (TOP), AND EXHAUST (RIGHT)
  • FIGURE 17 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES, BES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
  • FIGURE 18 MATURITY STAGE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS
  • FIGURE 19 FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 20 COMPARISON OF PHS, CAES AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
  • FIGURE 21 IMPACT OF PRODUCTION TAX CREDIT EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION ON U.S. ANNUAL INSTALLED WIND CAPACITY
  • FIGURE 22 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR PROCUREMENT/INSTALLATION OF PHS AND CAES TECHNOLOGIES
  • FIGURE 23 U.S. UES STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES IN USE BY MARKET SHARE (GW)
  • FIGURE 24 CUMULATIVE COMMISSIONED PHS INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES BY CAPACITY, 2009-2014 (MW)
  • FIGURE 25 PHS INSTALLATIONS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (MW/%)
  • FIGURE 26 PUMPED STORAGE PROJECTS GROWTH IN CHINA BY CAPACITY, 1994-2020 (KW)
  • FIGURE 19 FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM
  • FIGURE 27 U.S. PUMPED HYDRO STORAGE CAPACITY LOCATIONS (MW)
  • FIGURE 28 U.S. POTENTIAL NEW PUMPED STORAGE PLANT SITES AT GREENFIELD HYDROELECTRIC PLANT SITES (MW)
  • FIGURE 29 PRELIMINARY PERMITS ISSUED FOR PUMPED STORAGE PROJECTS MAP
  • FIGURE 30 LOCATIONS OF SELECT PROPOSED PHS PROJECTS
  • FIGURE 31 CO-OCCURRENCE OF WIND RESOURCES AND GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES
  • FIGURE 32 NORTH AMERICAN PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 33 NORTH AMERICAN CAES MARKET, 2014- 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 34 `NORTH AMERICAN BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 35 ANNOUNCED EUROPEAN PHS CAPACITY, BY COUNTRY (MW)
  • FIGURE 36 EUROPEAN PHS ELECTRICITY GENERATION, BY COUNTRY (TWH)
  • FIGURE 37 CO-OCCURRENCE OF WIND RESOURCES AND GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES
  • FIGURE 38 EUROPEAN PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 39 EUROPEAN CAES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 40 EUROPEAN BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 41 OCCURRENCE OF SALT FORMATIONS SUITABLE TO CAES
  • FIGURE 42 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 43 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN CAES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 44 ASIAN/AUSTRALIAN BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 45 REST OF THE WORLD PHS MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)`
  • FIGURE 46 REST OF THE WORLD BES MARKET, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 47 GLOBAL PHS MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 48 GLOBAL CAES MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 49 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY REGION, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 50 GLOBAL BES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • FIGURE 51 GLOBAL UES NEW CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 (MW)
  • FIGURE 52 GLOBAL UES MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
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