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市場調查報告書

全球氫燃料經濟的建立:各種技術與市場機會

Building the Global Hydrogen Economy: Technologies and Opportunities

出版商 BCC Research 商品編碼 121219
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 135 Pages
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全球氫燃料經濟的建立:各種技術與市場機會 Building the Global Hydrogen Economy: Technologies and Opportunities
出版日期: 2015年11月19日 內容資訊: 英文 135 Pages
簡介

2014年全球針對氫燃料經濟的建立其投資額總計超過了34億美金。預測2015年到2020年將更進一步以35.5%的年複合成長率成長,從2015年的48億美元成長到2020年218億美元的規模。

本報告提供全球氫燃料製造·貯存·流通技術的市場相關調查,提供您氫燃料及氫燃料經濟定義和概要,氫燃料經濟的政府各種計劃,氫燃料的製造·貯存·流通流程與主要的利用技術,技術區分·技術產品別之市場規模的實際成果·預測,專利資料,並彙整競爭環境,主要企業簡介等詳細內容。

第1章 簡介

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 概要

  • 氫燃料經濟
  • 定義
    • 氫燃料的特徵
    • 全球氫燃料消費
    • 氫燃料經濟的合理性
    • 各種技術
    • 市場摘要

第4章 政府支援的氫燃料計劃

  • 美國
    • 聯邦政府的計劃
    • 州政府的計劃
    • 地區的計劃
  • EU
    • EU計劃
    • EU加盟國
      • 德國
      • 法國
      • 義大利
      • 丹麥
  • 日本
  • 中國
  • 印度
  • 其他
    • 澳洲
    • 加拿大
    • 冰島
    • 韓國
    • 俄羅斯
  • 國家間計劃

第5章 氫燃料製造

  • 摘要
  • 主要技術
    • 熱流程
      • 天然氣的蒸氣重組
      • 部分氧化法
      • 自發性熱重組
      • 煤炭氣化
        • FutureGen
      • 碳黑和氫燃料流程
      • 生質能氣化
      • 由於氧的氣化
        • HydroMax
        • Startech
        • Pyrolysis
        • National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Eprida
      • 再生液體燃料的重組
        • ECD Ovonics
        • HTC Purenergy
        • Innovatek
      • 高溫水分解
        • 碘-硫磺循環
    • 電解流程
      • 傳統電解
      • 高溫電解
        • 固體氧化物電解電池
        • 能源來源
          • 核子反應爐
          • 太陽聚光器
        • 技術課題
      • 其他
        • 混合熱化學·電解處理
          • 混合硫磺流程
          • SRI流程
    • 光分解流程
      • 光電化學水分解
      • 光生物學的水分解
    • 其他
      • 暗處發酵
  • 專利分析
  • 市場
  • 大規模·集中型氫燃料工廠
  • 分散式氫燃料製造

第6章 氫燃料貯存

  • 摘要
  • 主要技術
  • 氫燃料直接貯存
    • 氣體貯存
    • 液體貯存
    • 各種技術
      • 烴的On Board重組
        • On Board重組方法
        • 優點及缺點
        • 商業性現狀
          • IdaTech
          • Innovatek
    • 直接烴燃料電池
      • 各種類型
        • 直接甲醇燃料電池
        • 直接乙醇燃料電池
      • 優點及缺點
      • 商業性現狀
  • 氨貯存
    • 氨-硼烷貯存
    • 氨-海鹽貯存
  • 氫化金屬
    • 一般原理
    • 各種類型
    • 優點及缺點
    • 商業性現狀
  • 沸石
    • 一般原理
    • 各種類型
  • 其他奈米結構材料
  • 其他貯存技術
  • 專利分析
  • 市場

第7章 散裝氫燃料流通

  • 摘要
  • 主要技術
    • 坦克卡車·鐵路車輛·駁船
    • 管聯結車
    • 管線
    • 其他
  • 氫燃料站
    • 氫燃料檯燈
    • 家用氫燃料補充設備
  • 專利分析
  • 市場

第8章 電化學能源轉換

  • 摘要
  • 主要技術
  • 各種技術
  • 專利分析
  • 市場

第9章 直接氫燃料燃燒

  • 摘要
  • 各種技術
    • 內燃機
    • 渦輪機
  • 專利
  • 市場
  • 氫燃料內燃機
  • 氫燃料渦輪機

第10章 其他氫燃料相關技術

  • 氫燃料感測器
    • 各種技術
  • 專利
  • 市場

第11章 企業簡介

  • ACTA SPA
  • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
  • ALCHEMIX CORP
  • AMMINEX A/S
  • AVALENCE LLC
  • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
  • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
  • CERAMATEC
  • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP
  • DUPONT
  • EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
  • ERGENICS
  • ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
  • FOSTER WHEELER CORP.
  • FUEL CELL ENERGY INC.
  • GENERAL ATOMICS
  • H2GEN INNOVATIONS INC.
  • H2SCAN
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • HCE LLC
  • HTC PURENERGY
  • HY9 CORP.
  • HYDROGENICS CORP.
  • INERGY AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS
  • INNOVATEK INC.
  • LINDE AG
  • LUXFER GROUP LTD.
  • MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
  • MAKEL ENGINEERING INC.
  • MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS RESEARCH INC.
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH INC.
  • MERITOR INC.
  • MO-SCI CORP.
  • NANOMIX INC.
  • PLUG POWER LLC
  • PROTON ONSITE
  • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE INC.
  • SECAT INC.
  • SOTACARBO S.P.A.
  • TECHNIP SA
  • UHDE GMBH
  • WELDSHIP CORP.
  • XEBEC INC.
  • ZTEK COR

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目錄
Product Code: EGY055C

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

Global investments in building the hydrogen economy cost more than $3.4 billion in 2014, and they are expected to approach $4.8 billion in 2015 and $21.8 billion by 2020, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 35.5% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

  • An overview of the global Hydrogen economy with regard to technology and opportunities.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, 2015, and projections of CAGRs through 2020.
  • Comprehensive descriptions of key enabling technologies used in the production, storage, and distribution of hydrogen, its conversion to other forms of energy or direct consumption as a fuel, and miscellaneous other types of hydrogen-related technology such as hydrogen sensors.
  • A look at challenges that must be overcome to reach commercialization potential.
  • Evaluations of government programs and policies in support of the hydrogen economy.
  • Coverage of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.
  • Relevant patent analysis.
  • Profiles of major players in the industry.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The report covers the global market for technologies used in the production, storage and distribution of hydrogen; its conversion to other forms of energy or direct consumption as a fuel; and miscellaneous other types of hydrogen-related technology, such as hydrogen sensors.

The study format includes:

  • Executive summary.
  • Key enabling technologies for the hydrogen economy, as well as their commercial or developmental status.
  • Developments that will influence commercial prospects and demand for hydrogen technologies.
  • Hydrogen technology market projections through 2015.
  • Key patents.
  • Government programs and policies in support of the hydrogen economy.
  • Technology vendor profiles.

ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS

Andrew McWilliams, the author of this report, is a partner in 43rd Parallel LLC, the Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm. He is the author of numerous other BCC Research business opportunity analyses of related areas, including the previous edition of this report.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

  • STUDY BACKGROUND
  • GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
  • INTENDED AUDIENCE
  • SCOPE OF REPORT
  • METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
  • ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
  • RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
  • BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
  • DISCLAIMER

CHAPTER 2 - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL HYDROGEN PLANT AND EQUIPMENT INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • SUMMARY FIGURE: SHARE TRENDS FOR HYDROGEN PLANTS AND EQUIPMENT, 2014 AND 2020 (% TOTAL INVESTMENTS)

CHAPTER 3 - OVERVIEW

  • HYDROGEN ECONOMY
  • DEFINITIONS
    • HYDROGEN CHARACTERISTICS
    • GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION
      • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION SHARE, 2014 (%)
      • TABLE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION TONS)
      • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION TRENDS, 2014-2020 (MILLION TONS)
    • RATIONALE FOR A HYDROGEN ECONOMY
      • Economic
      • Environmental
      • Energy Security
      • Economic Development
      • Other Socio-Economic Impacts
    • TECHNOLOGIES
      • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
      • HYDROGEN DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
      • DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
    • MARKET SUMMARY
      • TABLE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
      • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY SHARES, 2014-2020 (%)

CHAPTER 4 - GOVERNMENT-SUPPORTED HYDROGEN INITIATIVES

  • U.S.
    • FEDERAL INITIATIVES
      • Department of Energy
        • FIGURE 4: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL FUNDING, FISCAL YEARS, 2004-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
        • FIGURE 5: HYDROGEN BUDGET OF U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY, FISCAL YEAR 2014 (% OF HYDROGEN BUDGET)
      • Other U.S. Government Programs and Initiatives
    • STATE INITIATIVES
      • California
      • New York
      • Other States
    • REGIONAL INITIATIVES
      • Clean Energy States Alliance
  • EUROPEAN UNION
    • EUROPEAN UNION PROGRAMS
      • European Union Framework Program
        • FIGURE 6: EUROPEAN UNION FUEL CELL AND HYDROGEN JOINT UNDERTAKING OPERATION BUDGET, 2008-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
        • FIGURE 7: JOINT UNDERTAKING HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS BY AREA, 2008-2013 (% OF TOTAL HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS)
      • Carbon Dioxide Emission Restrictions
    • EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATES
      • Germany
      • France
      • Italy
      • Denmark
  • JAPAN
  • CHINA
  • INDIA
  • OTHER COUNTRIES
    • AUSTRALIA
    • CANADA
    • ICELAND
    • SOUTH KOREA
    • RUSSIA
  • INTERGOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMS
    • U.S.-E.U. COLLABORATION
    • INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY
    • INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY HYDROGEN COORDINATION GROUP

CHAPTER 5 - HYDROGEN PRODUCTION

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • THERMAL PROCESSES
      • TABLE 3: THERMAL PROCESSES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
      • Steam Reforming of Natural Gas
      • Partial Oxidation
      • Autothermal Reforming
      • Coal Gasification
        • FutureGen
      • Carbon Black and Hydrogen Process
      • Biomass Gasification
      • Gasification with Oxygen
        • HydroMax Process
        • Startech Process
        • Pyrolysis
        • National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Eprida Process
      • Reforming of Renewable Liquid Fuels
        • ECD Ovonics
        • HTC Purenergy
        • Innovatek
      • High-Temperature Water Splitting
        • Sulfur-Iodide Cycle
    • ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES
      • TABLE 4: ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
      • Conventional Electrolysis
      • High-Temperature Electrolysis
        • Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells
        • Energy Sources
          • Nuclear Reactors
          • Solar Concentrators
        • Technological Challenges
      • Other Electrolytic Technologies for Hydrogen Production
        • Hybrid Thermochemical and Electrolytic Processes
          • Hybrid Sulfur Process
          • SRI Process
    • PHOTOLYTIC PROCESSES
      • TABLE 5: PHOTOLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
      • Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
      • Photobiological Water Splitting
    • OTHER TYPES OF PROCESS
      • Dark Fermentation
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 8: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
      • TABLE 6: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED, 2008-AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • MAJOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
      • FIGURE 9: MAJOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR EQUIPMENT USED TO GENERATE HYDROGEN FOR DIRECT ENERGY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • LARGE AND CENTRALIZED HYDROGEN PLANTS
    • TABLE 8: PROJECTED EXPENDITURES ON CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROGEN GENERATORS ASSOCIATED WITH LARGE AND CENTRALIZED HYDROGEN POWER PLANTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • DECENTRALIZED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • External Fuel Cell Reformers
      • TABLE 9: GLOBAL FUEL CELL REFORMER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • Hydrogen Stations

CHAPTER 6 - HYDROGEN STORAGE

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 10: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TARGETS FOR ON-BOARD HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS, 2020
    • TABLE 11: HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
  • DIRECT STORAGE OF HYDROGEN
    • Gaseous Storage
      • Current Gaseous Hydrogen Storage Technology
      • Geologic Bulk Storage Systems
    • Liquid Storage
      • BMW Dual Fuel Thermo-Tank
      • Future Developments
  • HYDROCARBONS
    • Technologies
      • Onboard Reforming of Hydrocarbons
        • Approaches to Onboard Reforming
          • External Reforming
          • Internal Reforming
        • Advantages and Disadvantages of On-Board Reforming
        • Commercial Status of Onboard Reforming
          • IdaTech
          • Innovatek
    • Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells
      • Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cell Types
        • Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
        • Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells
      • Commercial Status of Direct Hydrocarbon Fuel Cells
  • AMMONIA STORAGE
    • Ammonia-Borane Storage
    • Ammonia-Sea Salt Storage
  • METAL HYDRIDES
    • General Principles
    • Metal Hydride Types
    • Advantages and Disadvantages for Hydrogen Storage
    • Commercial Status
  • ZEOLITES
    • General Principles
    • Zeolite Types
      • ZK-5
      • CD-Exchanged Rho Zeolite
      • Magnesium-Optimized Zeolites for Hydrogen Storage
      • Other Zeolites
  • OTHER NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS
    • Carbon Nanotubes and Buckyballs
    • Metal-Organic Frameworks
  • OTHER STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • Phosphonium Borate
    • Polymers
      • Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity
      • Conformal Polymeric Foams
    • Ethylene
    • Hollow Glass Microspheres
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 10: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 1, 2015 (% PATENTS ISSUED)
    • PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
      • TABLE 12: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
      • FIGURE 11: ANNUAL U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED TRENDS, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • MAJOR INELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
      • FIGURE 12: MAJOR HYDROGEN STORAGE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
  • MARKETS
    • SUMMARY
      • TABLE 13: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGY* MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • PRESSURIZED STORAGE CYLINDERS
      • TABLE 14: GLOBAL PRESSURIZED CYLINDERS USED TO STORE HYDROGEN MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS
      • TABLE 15: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS USED IN MOBILE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020* ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 - BULK HYDROGEN DISTRIBUTION

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • TANK TRUCKS, RAILCARS AND BARGES
    • TUBE TRAILERS
    • PIPELINES
      • New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
      • Mixed Hydrogen and Natural Gas Pipelines
        • Commingled Hydrogen and Natural Gas
        • Alternating Hydrogen and Natural Gas
    • Other Technical Issues
      • Effect of Hydrogen Exposure on Pipeline Materials
      • Hydrogen Permeation and Leaks
      • Compression Technology
        • Single-Screw Hydrogen Compressor
        • Hydride Based Hydrogen Compressor
          • Advanced Centrifugal Compressor
          • Electrochemical Compressor
          • Advanced Materials for Compressors
    • Alternatives to Transmission of Gaseous Hydrogen
  • HYDROGEN STATIONS
    • Hydrogen Filling Stations
      • Mobile Hydrogen Refuelers
    • Hydrogen Home Stations
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 13: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • PATENTS BY ASSIGNEE
      • FIGURE 14: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED BY ASSIGNEE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 16: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • TRANSMISSION
    • FIGURE 15: HYDROGEN FUEL SOURCES FOR EXISTING AND PLANNED HYDROGEN FILLING STATIONS, 2014 (PERCENTAGE OF EXISTING AND CURRENTLY PLANNED HYDROGEN STATIONS)
    • Liquid Hydrogen Tankers
      • TABLE 17: GLOBAL LIQUID HYDROGEN TANKER TRUCK MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Tube Trailers
      • TABLE 18: GLOBAL COMPRESSED HYDROGEN TUBE TRAILER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Pipelines
  • HYDROGEN STATIONS
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Hydrogen Filling Stations
      • TABLE 20: GLOBAL INVESTMENTS IN NEW HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • Hydrogen Home Stations
      • TABLE 21: GLOBAL HYDROGEN HOME STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 8 - ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERSION

  • SUMMARY
  • PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGIES
    • FIGURE 16 FUEL CELL PRINCIPLES
  • MAIN TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 22 MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES
    • Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
    • Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
    • Alkaline Fuel Cells
    • Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
    • Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
    • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • PATENT ANALYSIS
    • PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
      • FIGURE 17: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • PATENT TRENDS OVER TIME
      • TABLE 23: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
      • FIGURE 18: ANNUAL U.S. FUEL CELL ISSUED PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • MAJOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS
      • FIGURE 19: MAJOR FUEL CELL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALES BY APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALE TRENDS BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: GLOBAL FUEL CELL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 (% TOTAL SALES)

CHAPTER 9 - DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION

  • SUMMARY
  • TECHNOLOGIES
    • INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
      • Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines
        • BMW Dual-Fuel Technology
        • Ford and Mazda Technology
      • Hybrid Hydrogen-Electric Propulsion Systems
      • Hydrogen-Boosted Gasoline Engines
    • TURBINES
  • PATENTS
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
  • HYDROGEN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
  • HYDROGEN TURBINES
    • TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LARGE HYDROGEN TURBINES USED TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 10 - OTHER HYDROGEN-RELATED TECHNOLOGIES

  • HYDROGEN SENSORS
    • TECHNOLOGIES
      • MEMS Hydrogen Sensors
      • Hydrogen Nanosensors
        • Nanoscale Palladium Thin-Film Sensors
        • Carbon Nanotube-Based Hydrogen Sensors
        • Titania Nanotube-Based Hydrogen Sensors
        • Nanowire-Based Hydrogen Sensors
  • PATENTS
    • FIGURE 22: U.S. HYDROGEN SENSOR PATENT HOLDERS, DECEMBER 2009 - AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL PATENTS)
  • MARKETS
    • TABLE 27: GLOBAL HYDROGEN SENSOR MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 11 - COMPANY PROFILES

  • ACTA SPA
  • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS INC.
  • ALCHEMIX CORP
  • AMMINEX A/S
  • AVALENCE LLC
  • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
  • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
  • CERAMATEC
  • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP
  • DUPONT
  • EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
  • ERGENICS
  • ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
  • FOSTER WHEELER CORP.
  • FUEL CELL ENERGY INC.
  • GENERAL ATOMICS
  • H2GEN INNOVATIONS INC.
  • H2SCAN
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • HCE LLC
  • HTC PURENERGY
  • HY9 CORP.
  • HYDROGENICS CORP.
  • INERGY AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS
  • INNOVATEK INC.
  • LINDE AG
  • LUXFER GROUP LTD.
  • MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
  • MAKEL ENGINEERING INC.
  • MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS RESEARCH INC.
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH INC.
  • MERITOR INC.
  • MO-SCI CORP.
  • NANOMIX INC.
  • PLUG POWER LLC
  • PROTON ONSITE
  • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE INC.
  • SECAT INC.
  • SOTACARBO S.P.A.
  • TECHNIP SA
  • UHDE GMBH
  • WELDSHIP CORP.
  • XEBEC INC.
  • ZTEK COR

LIST OF TABLES

  • SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL HYDROGEN PLANT AND EQUIPMENT INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION TONS)
    • TABLE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 3: THERMAL PROCESSES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
    • TABLE 4: ELECTROLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
    • TABLE 5: PHOTOLYTIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
    • TABLE 6: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED, 2008--AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • TABLE 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR EQUIPMENT USED TO GENERATE HYDROGEN FOR DIRECT ENERGY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 8: PROJECTED EXPENDITURES ON CONSTRUCTION OF HYDROGEN GENERATORS ASSOCIATED WITH LARGE AND CENTRALIZED HYDROGEN POWER PLANTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 9: GLOBAL FUEL CELL REFORMER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 10: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TARGETS FOR ON-BOARD HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS, 2020
    • TABLE 11: HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 12: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • TABLE 13: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STORAGE TECHNOLOGY* MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 14: GLOBAL PRESSURIZED CYLINDERS USED TO STORE HYDROGEN MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 15: GLOBAL MARKET FOR HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS USED IN MOBILE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2020* ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 16: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 17: GLOBAL LIQUID HYDROGEN TANKER TRUCK MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 18: GLOBAL COMPRESSED HYDROGEN TUBE TRAILER MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 19: GLOBAL HYDROGEN STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 20: GLOBAL INVESTMENTS IN NEW HYDROGEN FUELING STATIONS, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 21: GLOBAL HYDROGEN HOME STATION MARKET, THROUGH 2020 (UNITS/$ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 22: MAJOR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES
    • TABLE 23: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS ISSUED PER YEAR, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • TABLE 24: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALES BY APPLICATION TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 25: GLOBAL DIRECT HYDROGEN COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 26: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LARGE HYDROGEN TURBINES USED TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • TABLE 27: GLOBAL HYDROGEN SENSOR MARKET, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS) 127

LIST OF FIGURES

  • SUMMARY FIGURE: SHARE TRENDS FOR HYDROGEN PLANTS AND EQUIPMENT, 2014 AND 2020 (% TOTAL INVESTMENTS)
    • FIGURE 1: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION SHARE, 2014 (%)
    • FIGURE 2: GLOBAL HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION TRENDS, 2014-2020 (MILLION TONS)
    • FIGURE 3: GLOBAL HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY SHARES, 2014-2020 (%)
    • FIGURE 4: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL FUNDING, FISCAL YEARS, 2004-2014 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 5: HYDROGEN BUDGET OF U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY, FISCAL YEAR 2014 (% OF HYDROGEN BUDGET)
    • FIGURE 6: EUROPEAN UNION FUEL CELL AND HYDROGEN JOINT UNDERTAKING OPERATION BUDGET, 2008-2013 (MILLION EUROS)
    • FIGURE 7: JOINT UNDERTAKING HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS BY AREA, 2008-2013 (% OF TOTAL HYDROGEN INVESTMENTS)
    • FIGURE 8: U.S. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PATENTS ISSUED BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 9: MAJOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975-AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 10: U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 1, 2015 (% PATENTS ISSUED)
    • FIGURE 11: ANNUAL U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS ISSUED TRENDS, 2008 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 12: MAJOR HYDROGEN STORAGE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, 1975 - AUGUST 1, 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 13: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 14: U.S. HYDROGEN TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGY PATENTS ISSUED BY ASSIGNEE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 15: HYDROGEN FUEL SOURCES FOR EXISTING AND PLANNED HYDROGEN FILLING STATIONS, 2014 (PERCENTAGE OF EXISTING AND CURRENTLY PLANNED HYDROGEN STATIONS)
    • FIGURE 16: FUEL CELL PRINCIPLES
    • FIGURE 17: U.S. FUEL CELL PATENTS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (%)
    • FIGURE 18: ANNUAL U.S. FUEL CELL ISSUED PATENT TRENDS, 2008-2015 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 19: MAJOR FUEL CELL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PORTFOLIOS ISSUED, THROUGH AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF U.S. HYDROGEN STORAGE PATENTS)
    • FIGURE 20: GLOBAL FUEL CELL SALE TRENDS BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
    • FIGURE 21: GLOBAL FUEL CELL MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION TYPE, 2014-2020 (% TOTAL SALES)
    • FIGURE 22: U.S. HYDROGEN SENSOR PATENT HOLDERS, DECEMBER 2009 - AUGUST 2015 (PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL PATENTS)
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