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市場調查報告書

燃料電池汽車和氫的生產、供給能力:市場趨勢、技術、基礎設施

Fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen capacity - developments, technology and infrastructure

出版商 Autelligence 商品編碼 352533
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 94 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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燃料電池汽車和氫的生產、供給能力:市場趨勢、技術、基礎設施 Fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen capacity - developments, technology and infrastructure
出版日期: 2015年09月01日 內容資訊: 英文 94 Pages
簡介

燃料電池汽車經過多年的技術開發的努力,終於達到了商業化的階段。關於市場短期性前景也還有懷疑的企業,不過,關於技術課題已經克服,即使殘留著燃料 (氫) 供給和費用的問題,預期未來將戲劇性地成本降低和供給基礎設施的整備將有所進展。

本報告提供全球燃料電池汽車 (FCV) 及相關技術、基礎設施的市場相關分析,燃料電池技術概要,及到目前為止的技術開發、試驗、普及趨勢,主要國家市場現狀,今後應該克服的課題 (作為燃料的氫的生產、供給體制,FCV市場整備等),今後的市場成長預測,各種實行技術概要的資訊彙整,為您概述為以下內容。

第1章 燃料電池的市場機會

第2章 主要車輛市場區隔的燃料電池汽車的普及情形

  • 小型小客車
  • 小型商旅車
  • 卡車
  • 巴士
  • 原型的分析結果

第3章 燃料電池汽車 (FCV) 的開發

  • 燃料電池的種類
  • 實行技術
    • 電動馬達
    • 變速箱
      • 一段式變速箱
      • 第二段式變速箱
      • 多級式變速箱
  • 超級電容器
  • 再生剎車
  • 電動式部品
  • 電動式輔助設備
    • 電動轉向器
    • 空調
    • 電動協助剎車
    • 暖氣

第4章 燃料氧的維持

  • 質子交換膜燃料電池
  • 磷酸燃料電池
  • 直接甲醇形燃料電池
  • 稀土的供給量
  • 在車上的氫生產流程

第5章 左右市場的要素

  • 石油價格的變動
  • 全球原油供給量
  • 全球天然氣蘊藏量
  • 能源安全保障
  • 全球各國的燃油消耗率法規
    • 美國
    • EU各國
    • 日本
    • 中國
    • 其他
  • 排放法規標準
  • 獎勵

第6章 成長的障礙與其變遷

  • 說明規格
  • 車輛的製造成本
  • 氫的貯存方法
    • 液體貯存
    • 固體貯存

第7章 氫的生成技術

  • 水蒸氣沼氣改性
  • 電解
  • 光分解產生的氫
  • 其他技術

第8章 全球各地的氫的可得性

  • 氫的需求量
  • 氫的運輸手段
  • 供給基礎設施整備的措施情形
    • 歐洲
    • 北美
    • 日本
    • 韓國
    • 印度

第9章 研究計劃與試驗

第10章 市場趨勢與其預測

  • 燃料的供給選擇
    • 燃料供給站

圖表一覽、附錄

目錄

Is fuel-cell electric the technology most likely to succeed?

A 2016 Autelligence expert survey picked out fuel-cell technology as the powertrain type most widely expected to grow strongly in the next few years. Are FCVs moving towards mainstream acceptance as a viable powertrain alternative?

“We remain committed to fuel cells. Nobody knows if the hype on the battery-electric vehicle side will pay off. It's not clear. The future isn't clear.” - Thomas Weber, member of the board of management of Daimler AG Group Research & Mercedes-Benz Cars Development.

After many years of research and development, the first fuel cell vehicles (FCV) are now available for purchase. While some OEMs are cautious about committing to FCV production in the near term, major obstacles such as cold weather starting and general durability have been overcome. However, cost remains something of a barrier despite the dramatic reductions that have been achieved and the establishment of a comprehensive hydrogen refuelling infrastructure beyond the few localised networks that currently exist appears to still be some years away.

“We believe that hydrogen electric will be the primary fuel for the next 100 years.” - Bob Carter, Toyota.

Nevertheless, the 2015 launch of the Toyota Mirai and product launches planned during the next 12-24 months appear to suggest that the OEMs pursuing the technology see 2016 as a pivotal year.

This report provides an overview of the wide range of FCV concepts and prototypes that have been developed, trialled and now launched into the market, looks at the state of fuel-cell vehicles in major markets, covers the latest developments, discusses the challenges in managing hydrogen as a fuel, assesses FCV market conditions and barriers to growth, reviews market forecasts, and presents the various enabling technologies that are contributing to FCV development.

SAMPLE

Figure 32:
NOx emissions standards for gasoline passenger cars: EU,
Japan & US, 1990-2014 (g/km)

                     Sources: DieselNet, Delphi, Japan Ministry of the Environment

About the author

Mike Murphy B.Sc., M.Phil.(Hons.I) has had a lifelong interest in things automotive including owning and racing a range of motorcycles and track cars. He began regularly contributing to automotive publications in his native New Zealand during the 1990s and in 2004 he became a news editor for a leading UK auto industry publication. He began researching and writing automotive technology sector reports the following year and has had around 50 technology reports and numerous features published by four UK-based automotive industry publications.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The fuel-cell opportunity

Chapter 2: Where are fuel-cell vehicles in major market segments?

  • 2.1. Light passenger vehicles
  • 2.2. Light commercial vehicles
  • 2.3. Trucks
  • 2.4. Buses
  • 2.5. Prototype findings

Chapter 3: Developments in FCVs

  • 3.1. Types of fuel cells
  • 3.2. Enabling technologies
    • 3.2.1. Electric motors
    • 3.2.2. Transmissions
      • 3.2.2.1. Single-speed transmissions
      • 3.2.2.2. Two-speed transmissions
      • 3.2.2.3. Multi-speed transmissions
  • 3.3. Super-capacitors
  • 3.4. Regenerative braking
  • 3.5. Electronic components
  • 3.6. Electrically-powered ancillaries
    • 3.6.1. Electric power steering
    • 3.6.2. Air conditioning
    • 3.6.3. Power-assisted brakes
    • 3.6.4. Heating

Chapter 4: Managing hydrogen as a fuel

  • 4.1. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells
  • 4.2. Phosphoric acid fuel cells
  • 4.3. Direct methanol fuel cells
  • 4.4. Rare earth supply
  • 4.5. On board processing to produce hydrogen

Chapter 5: What will move the market

  • 5.1. Petroleum price volatility
  • 5.2. The global crude oil supply
  • 5.3. Global natural gas reserves
  • 5.4. Energy security
  • 5.5. Fuel economy regulations
    • 5.5.1. The United States
    • 5.5.2. The European Union
    • 5.5.3. Japan
    • 5.5.4. China
    • 5.5.5. Other countries
  • 5.6. Criterion emissions regulations
  • 5.7. Incentives

Chapter 6: Barriers to growth and how they are evolving

  • 6.1. Standards
  • 6.2. Costs of producing vehicles
  • 6.3. Hydrogen storage
    • 6.3.1. Liquid storage
    • 6.3.2. Solid-state storage

Chapter 7: Hydrogen production technologies

  • 7.1. Steam methane reformation
  • 7.2. Electrolysis
  • 7.3. Photolytic generation
  • 7.4. Other processes

Chapter 8: Hydrogen availability worldwide

  • 8.1. Hydrogen demand
  • 8.2. Hydrogen transportation
  • 8.3. Refuelling infrastructure initiatives
    • 8.3.1. Europe
    • 8.3.2. North America
    • 8.3.3. Japan
    • 8.3.4. South Korea
    • 8.3.5. India

Chapter 9: Research programmes and trials

Chapter 10: Market dynamics and forecasts

  • 10.1. Fuelling options
    • 10.1.1. Stations

Table of Figures, Tables and Appendices

  • Figure 1: Audi A7 h-tron
  • Figure 2: Chevrolet Equinox HydroGen4
  • Figure 3: Honda FCX Clarity
  • Figure 4: Honda FCV CONCEPT
  • Figure 5: Hyundai ix35 FCV
  • Figure 6: Renault Scenic ZEV H2 FCV
  • Figure 7: Toyota Mirai
  • Figure 8: Peugeot H2Origin
  • Figure 9: Microcab Royal Mail fuel cell postal van
  • Figure 10: Vision Industries Tyrano Class 8 fuel cell tractor
  • Figure 11: Mercedes-Benz Citaro Fuel Cell bus
  • Figure 12: 2015 Toyota Hino fuel-cell bus
  • Figure 13: Tecnobus Gulliver
  • Figure 14: Switch reluctance motor schematic
  • Figure 15: Michelin Active Wheel
  • Figure 16: ECOmove in-wheel motor
  • Figure 17: Optimum EV transmission ratios for each performance criterion
  • Figure 18: BorgWarner 31-03 eGearDrive single-speed transmission
  • Figure 19: IAV DrivePacEV80
  • Figure 20: Oelikon Graziano two-speed EV transmission
  • Figure 21: Honda direct drive EPS system
  • Figure 22: Continental spindle-actuated electromechanical brake
  • Figure 23: Proton exchange membrane fuel cell schematic
  • Figure 24: WTI crude oil spot price (US$/barrel), 1986 to May 2015
  • Figure 25: US gasoline price (US$/US gallon), 1994 - May 2015
  • Figure 26: CO2 emissions targets in major markets converted to NEDC
  • Figure 27: Well-to-wheel CO2 emissions, including fuel source, by powertrain
  • Figure 28: CO emissions standards for gasoline passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 29: CO emissions standards for diesel passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 30: HC+NOx emissions standards for gasoline passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 31: HC+NOx emissions standards for diesel passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 32: NOx emissions standards for gasoline passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 33: NOx emissions standards for diesel passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 34: PM emissions standards for diesel passenger cars: EU, Japan & US, 1990 - 2014 (g/km)
  • Figure 35: The price of platinum (US$/oz), January 2000 to May 2015 (by month)
  • Figure 36: Linde IC90
  • Figure 37: Asemblon dual-pumping Hydrnol station
  • Figure 38: Mainland Europe hydrogen highway
  • Figure 39: Hydrogen refuelling stations in the US and Canada
  • Figure 40: Los Angeles area hydrogen refuelling stations
  • Figure 41: San Francisco area hydrogen refuelling stations
  • Figure 42: East Coast Hydrogen Highway
  • Figure 43: British Columbia hydrogen highway
  • Figure 44: Japan's hydrogen refuelling network
  • Figure 45: South Korea's hydrogen refuelling network
  • Figure 46: ITM Power HBox solar hydrogen refuelling station
  • Figure 47: Honda solar-powered hydrolysis hydrogen station
  • Figure 48: Fraunhofer solar-powered hydrogen refuelling station
  • Table 1: Selected light passenger FCV developments.
  • Table 2: Selected light commercial FCV developments.
  • Table 3: Selected truck FCV developments.
  • Table 4: Selected FCV bus developments.
  • Table 5: Concept and demonstration prototypes produced by major OEMs.
  • Table 6: Achievements in catalyst development and cost reduction by selected organisations.
  • Table 7: Selected of suppliers and examples of single-, two-, and multi-speed transmissions.
  • Table 8: Proven oil reserves, annual production and reserve life, 2014.
  • Table 9: Storage solutions by selected companies.
  • Table 10: Market drivers and challenges affecting FCV development.
  • Table 11: Projects to develop FCV infrastructure.
  • Table 12: FCV Research programmes and trials, by company, date launched and model.
  • Appendix 1: Battery chemistry
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