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市場調查報告書

渦輪增壓器·增壓器:增壓機的主要趨勢和未來性

Turbochargers and superchargers - major trends and the future of forced induction

出版商 Autelligence 商品編碼 352529
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 103 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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渦輪增壓器·增壓器:增壓機的主要趨勢和未來性 Turbochargers and superchargers - major trends and the future of forced induction
出版日期: 2015年12月01日 內容資訊: 英文 103 Pages
簡介

全球動力傳動市場上今後10年最重要的技術之一,便是增壓機。由於增壓機技術的進步與引擎小型化和效率化,CO2排放量的削減等有關,過去僅是利基存在的增壓機,現在已是動力傳動策略之核心地位。

本報告提供全球渦輪增壓器·增壓器市場最新趨勢與未來展望相關分析,提供您到目前為止的技術開發動向和市場趨勢預測,彙整全球各國的法規強化動向,主要的推動市場要素,今後的技術開發上的課題,主要企業簡介等資訊,為您概述為以下內容。

概要

本報告分析範圍

從歷史沿革:性能重視向效率重視

第1章 增壓機:為了削減CO2的重要實行技術

  • 增壓機的機制一覽
  • 配合增壓機的引擎設計
  • 動力傳動的影響
  • 渦輪增壓器的優點

第2章 增壓機市場明細

  • 重型車
  • 小型車
  • 高性能車
  • 小型柴油車

第3章 動力傳動策略:小型化和減速化

  • 小型引擎的強力化
  • 效率的最佳化:渦輪增壓器/增壓器的選擇和組合

第4章 市場動態:針對改善引擎效率之產業方面的配合措施

  • 渦輪增壓器市場預測

第5章 技術:市場競爭的主戰場

  • 單一階段·渦輪增壓器
  • 壓縮機 (壓縮機)
    • 往復式壓縮機
    • 螺旋式壓縮機
    • 魯氏型增壓器
    • 魯氏型 vs 螺絲型
    • 離心壓縮機
    • 激盪線
    • 節流管線
  • 空氣動力學設計
  • 軸承·系統
  • 微·渦輪增壓器
  • 排氣洩壓閥附有渦輪增壓器
  • Turbocompounding
    • 電動式Turbocompounding
  • 雙渦輪增壓器
  • 可變容量渦輪增壓器
  • 多階段·渦輪增壓器
    • 並聯成對渦輪
    • 連續式成對渦輪
    • 調整式成對渦輪(Regulated twin turbocharging)
    • 3階段·渦輪增壓器
  • 雙渦流增壓器(Twin vortices supercharger)
  • 多速增壓器
  • 電動增壓器
  • 進氣冷卻器(中冷器)

第6章 渦輪增壓器/增壓器的未來性

  • 餘熱回收:最尖端的技術
  • 電動式控制和新素材
  • 壓縮機用鈦製葉輪
  • 輔助渦輪增壓器

第7章 推動市場要素:強化排放法規最大的要素

  • 排放法規:CO2排放量的改善
  • 全球各地狀況
    • EU
    • 美國
    • 日本
      • 日本運輸業的CO2排放量:實際成果值和目標價值
      • 排放標準與認證制度
    • 中國
    • 其他
  • 檢驗體制:各別體制的運用困難,轉換到國際規格的動向
  • 排放標準:嚴格化的動向和各國的差異
    • 美國
    • 日本
    • 歐洲
    • 中國
    • 其他
  • 中型·重型車

企業簡介

  • BorgWarner
  • Bosch Mahle Turbo Systems
  • Continental AG
  • Cummins
  • Eaton
  • Honeywell
  • IHI
  • 三菱重工業
  • Valeo

圖表一覽

目錄

In a 2016 Autelligence expert survey on the future of powertrain, forced induction was voted in the top 5 most important technologies for achieving powertrain objectives in the next 10 years, clearly showing that much is still expected of this proven technology.

Because of the inherent benefits of forced induction, primarily the ability to allow engine downsizing for fuel economy and CO2 emission standards compliance while retaining excellent drivability, the technology has moved from being a niche powertrain system to becoming central to powertrain strategy.

It's applied for downsizing gasoline engines (1.0 litre turbocharged gasoline engines are now common in C- and even D-segment cars in Europe), for making diesel engines overcome their inherent problems with power and torque delivery, and even for a new approach to performance engines, to the point where the 2016 Porsche 911 engine range will be practically all forced induction.

"Downsized turbocharged engines offer the power that the customer wants along with the efficiencies of fuel economy and the benefits that go along with the lightweighting" - Frank Paluch, president of Honda R&D Americas

Key report coverage

Market drivers in a world of increasingly tougher emissions regulations, both regulation-based such as increasing fuel economy and reducing CO2; increasingly stringent criterion emissions regulation and other regulations, as well as OEM competitiveness parameters like drivability, NVH performance, costs, packaging, systems integratin and speed to market

Forced induction powertrain strategies - downsizing and downspeeding, design compromises, new designs in structure and function, hybridisation, engineering challenges and limitations, gasoline vs diesel, efficiency optimization

Market segmentation and dynamics: continuing industry restructuring, the expanding markets of China and India, increased global industry integration and the continually increasing degree of globalization.

The future of turbocharging and supercharging - the necessity for additional measures to meet emissions targets in light of VW scandal, subsequent increased pace of development, harvesting of waste exhaust energy, new electrical architectures such as 48V with electrically driven superchargers, flexible turbochargers vs compound systems

The key battleground of current and future forced induction technology - turbochargers, compressors, aerodynamics, bearing design, compounding, multi-stage charging, waste heat recovery, new materials, assisted charging

Forecasts of fitment rates, engine displacement and forced induction vehicle market size

The main sector players in detailed company profiles, including company overview, key people, products and customers, revenue analysis, R&D and future plans

About the author

Alistair Hill started his career in production and project management having graduated as a metallurgist from the University of Aston in Birmingham. He then moved into industrial market analysis and senior marketing roles within the truck industry supply sector. He became a consultant for Knibb Gormezano & Partners in the mid-1990s and began a long history of automotive and commercial vehicle sector analysis working for a wide range of clients including OEMs, suppliers and analytical companies. He has spoken on a wide range of technical subjects at conferences around the world and is actively involved in science and technology development in his adopted country of New Zealand.

Report Sample

Table of Contents

Overview

Scope of this report

History - moving from performance to efficiency

Chapter 1: Forced induction - a critical enabling technology for CO2 reduction

  • 1.1 Types of charging mechanisms
  • 1.2 Engine design to manage forced induction
  • 1.3 Implications for powertrain
  • 1.4 Benefits of turbocharging

Chapter 2: Forced induction - market segmentation

  • 2.1 Heavy duty
  • 2.2 Light duty
  • 2.3 Performance
  • 2.4 Small diesels

Chapter 3: Powertrain strategy - downsizing and downspeeding

  • 3.1 Boosting a downsized engine
  • 3.2 Efficiency optimization; turbocharger and supercharger choices and combinations

Chapter 4: Market dynamics - industry initiatives drive engine efficiency

  • 4.1 Turbocharging forecasts

Chapter 5: Technologies - the key competitive battleground

  • 5.1 Single stage turbochargers
  • 5.2 Compressors
    • 5.2.1 Reciprocating compressors
    • 5.2.2 Screw compressors
    • 5.2.3 Roots type superchargers
    • 5.2.4 Roots vs screw
    • 5.2.4 Centrifugal compressors
    • 5.2.5 Surge line
    • 5.2.6 Choke line
  • 5.3 Aerodynamic design
  • 5.4 Bearing systems
  • 5.5 Micro turbocharging
  • 5.6 Waste-gated turbochargers
  • 5.7 Turbocompounding
    • 5.7.1 Electric turbocompounding
  • 5.8 Twin-scroll turbochargers
  • 5.9 Variable geometry turbochargers
  • 5.10 Multi-stage turbocharging
    • 5.10.1 Parallel twin turbocharging
    • 5.10.2 Sequential twin turbocharging
    • 5.10.3 Regulated twin turbocharging
    • 5.10.4 Three-stage turbocharging
  • 5.11 Twin vortices supercharger
  • 5.12 Multi-speed superchargers
  • 5.13 Electric superchargers
  • 5.14 Charge air coolers (intercoolers)

Chapter 6: The future of turbocharging and supercharging

  • 6.1 Waste heat recovery: the state of the art
  • 6.2 Electronic controls and new materials
  • 6.3 Titanium compressor impellers
  • 6.4 Assisted turbocharging

Chapter 7: Market drivers dominated by tougher emissions regulation

  • 7.1 Emissions regulations - improving CO2 emissions
  • 7.2 Global overview
    • 7.2.1 The European Union
    • 7.2.2 The United States
    • 7.2.3 Japan
    • 7.2.3.1 Actual and targeted CO2 emissions volumes in Japan's transport sector
    • 7.2.3.2 Emissions Standards and Certification
    • 7.2.4 China
    • 7.2.5 Other countries
  • 7.3 Testing regimes - variation makes life difficult and the move to a global standard
  • 7.4 Criterion emissions - tough and getting tougher - how to make a difference
    • 7.4.1 The United States
    • 7.4.2 Japan
    • 7.4.3 Europe
    • 7.4.4 China
    • 7.4.5 Other countries
  • 7.5 Medium- and heavy-duty vehicles

Company profiles

  • BorgWarner
  • Bosch Mahle Turbo Systems
  • Continental AG
  • Cummins
  • Eaton
  • Honeywell
  • IHI Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  • Valeo

Table of figures

  • Figure 1: Basic turbocharger design
  • Figure 2: Electric supercharger
  • Figure 3: Typical transient response comparison at 1,500rpm, turbocharger vs supercharger
  • Figure 4: Turbocharger configurations
  • Figure 5: Torque response for various engine and turbocharger configurations
  • Figure 6: Eaton's Roots-type supercharger
  • Figure 7: The VGT fitted to a Porsche 911 with vanes closed and open
  • Figure 8: Schematic diagram of BorgWarner's eBooster
  • Figure 9: VanDyne's SuperTurbo
  • Figure 10: European average CO2 emissions versus average engine displacement 2012
  • Figure 11: Cost of reducing CO2 emissions and reduction potential
  • Figure 12: Continental's aluminium turbine housing turbocharger
  • Figure 13: Projected global turbocharger fitment for new vehicles by region 2014-2019
  • Figure 14: Regional turbocharger penetration forecast
  • Figure 15: Changes in boosted engine displacement 2014-2020
  • Figure 16: Forced induction vehicle market size 2014-2020
  • Figure 17: Forced induction market value 2014-2020
  • Figure 18: Forced induction equipment by vehicle 2015
  • Figure 19: Close tolerance rotors from a twin-screw supercharger
  • Figure 20: Schematic showing the operation of a Roots type supercharger
  • Figure 21: An Eaton TVS roots-type supercharger with integrated bypass
  • Figure 22: A schematic showing the operation of a conventional Roots design and an Eaton TVS supercharger
  • Figure 23: A typical compressor map for the operation of a turbocharger for passenger car applications
  • Figure 24: Summary of transient performance for Honeywell Dualboost concept turbocharger design
  • Figure 25: Fiat two-cylinder MultiAir engine
  • Figure 26: Volvo D12D 500TC
  • Figure 27: Mechanical turbo-compounding
  • Figure 28: Electric turbocompounding solutions
  • Figure 29: A schematic showing turbocompounding using a turbogenerator
  • Figure 30: Fuel consumption based on combined engine shaft and electrical power outputs
  • Figure 31: A turbogenerator based on TIGERS technology
  • Figure 32: A schematic of a twin scroll turbocharger
  • Figure 33: Multi-scroll turbine housing design
  • Figure 34: Deflection through a dual-volute-turbine housing with VTG guide vanes
  • Figure 35: Twin volute VTG with optimised exhaust manifold design
  • Figure 36: Holset VGT™ Turbocharging Technology
  • Figure 37: BMW bi-turbo
  • Figure 38: Exploded view of a Rotrak variable-speed supercharger
  • Figure 39: Antonov dual-speed supercharger
  • Figure 40: Valeo's electric supercharger
  • Figure 41: Aeristech's eSupercharger
  • Figure 42: A speed versus efficiency plot for Aeristech's eSupercharger
  • Figure 43: GM's LF3 twin turbocharged V6 engine with integral manifold mounted intercooler
  • Figure 44: Performance indicators for waste heat recovery technologies for an automotive application
  • Figure 45: Weight to power ratio for different waste heat recovery technologies used with a mobile application
  • Figure 46: Turbocharging technologies for high-pressure charging
  • Figure 47: A titanium alloy impeller
  • Figure 48: Global passenger car and light vehicles emission legislation normalized to NEDC progress 2000-2025
  • Figure 49: Real world CO2 improvements versus official fleet average results
  • Figure 50: A range of technologies identified in a European Commission study
  • Figure 51: Changes in transmission ratio strategy with downsizing
  • Figure 52: US Transportation Sector emissions scenarios
  • Figure 53: US targets for future GHG reductions (% reduction from 2005 levels)
  • Figure 54: US vehicle trends 1975-2009, fuel economy, power, weight
  • Figure 55: Average fuel efficiency 2010 and 2015 targets for gasoline vehicles
  • Figure 56: Comparison of different test regimes for EU, US and Japan
  • Figure 57: WLTC introduction timetable
  • Figure 58: Emissions standards timetable in selected countries, 2005-2020
  • Figure 59: NOx and PM limits in the EU and US, 1994-2015 (g/km)

Table of tables

  • Table 1: Comparison between downsized turbocharged diesel and non-turbocharged gasoline (Volvo) and turbocharged gasoline and non-turbocharged gasoline (Opel) performance
  • Table 2: Performance evolution through downsizing and turbocharging for the Volkswagen Golf
  • Table 3: Forced induction vehicle market size 2014-2020
  • Table 4: European criterion emissions limits
  • Table 5: Current passenger vehicle emissions regulations in Japan
  • Table 6: Comparison of different fuel efficiency regulations and test regimes
  • Table 7: US emissions standards for light-duty vehicles, to five years/50,000 miles (g/mile)
  • Table 8: Japan emissions limits for light gasoline & LPG vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 9: Japan emissions limits for light diesel vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 10: Euro 5 emissions limits for light gasoline vehicles (g/km)
  • Table 11: Euro 5 emissions limits for light diesel vehicles (g/km)
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