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市場調查報告書

柴油引擎:趨勢、技術、未來

Diesel Engines: Trends, Technologies and Future

出版商 Autelligence 商品編碼 321255
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 125 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2個工作天內
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柴油引擎:趨勢、技術、未來 Diesel Engines: Trends, Technologies and Future
出版日期: 2015年02月28日 內容資訊: 英文 125 Pages
簡介

柴油引擎的耐久性、高效能動力以及油耗率的優異表現,對於長距離行駛(特別是物資輸送)而言已變成最先考量的選項。於這數十年間,歐洲的汽車用柴油引擎已日漸普及,約有50%的新車是柴油引擎車,但在亞洲以及美國尚未如此普遍。另一方面,柴油車也仍存在不少問題,例如禁止柴油車於市區內行駛等。今後,在開發乾淨、對環境負擔少且成本效率高的柴油引擎之時,與裝設小型渦輪增壓器的汽油引擎、混合動力引擎、電動車等之間的競爭仍持續著,相信各製造商也將面臨更多降低成本及改善油耗率的問題。

本報告針對柴油引擎市場的動向,以及影響目前柴油技術的動向進行調查。提供已彙整的各地區趨勢與差異,現今的技術、OEM、供應商策略的詳細分析,各地區市場未來趨勢預測,以及主要供應商簡介等資料。

導論

第1章 市場趨勢、促進要素

  • 概要
  • 柴油燃料與汽油的化學特質
  • 針對各種燃料的不同行程
  • 非石油類燃料的貢獻
  • 精煉過程中的課題
  • 柴油引擎的優缺點
  • 環保需求與全球暖化
    • 各地區的空氣汙染與柴油引擎
    • 低NOx的陷阱與選擇催化還原(SCR)
    • 固態SCR及其未來性
  • 消費者對柴油引擎的態度
  • 柴油引擎與車種
  • 新的全球公認二氧化碳排放週期的影響

第2章 地區趨勢

  • 柴油引擎與歐洲的二氧化碳排放量降低
  • 法國的案例:專門技術符合免稅標準的情況
  • 土耳其的柴油引擎成長原因
  • 全球各地的現況:北美、南美、歐洲、亞洲、其他國家(ROW)
    • 北美的柴油引擎未來預測
    • 印度的柴油引擎
    • 中國與柴油引擎
    • 其他各國狀況

第3章 OEM的課題與趨勢

  • 概要
  • 大眾車品牌市場的趨勢與於滿足消費者期待時的課題
  • 高端高性能柴油將成為高級品牌的關鍵
  • OEM策略
    • General Motors的柴油策略的發展
    • Daimler:高級品牌與柴油性能的組合
    • PSA Peugeot Citroen:柴油為該公司的核心競爭力策略
    • 歐洲汽車販賣中柴油的重要性

第4章 技術趨勢與課題

  • 渦輪增壓器帶來的柴油空氣管理變革
  • 各地區市場的渦輪增壓器趨勢
  • 噴射系統的加壓
  • 活塞由鋼鐵製置換為鋁製
  • EGR(排氣再循環)內部的氣流管理
  • 新功能與需求帶給新的供應商市場機會
  • 後處理策略
  • 怠速熄火功能延伸到中速
  • 柴油混合的優點之內容、範圍
  • 北美的排氣解決對策
  • 可變氣門與柴油引擎的關聯性
  • 今日有必要重新定義「高科技燃燒」的概念

第5章 柴油系統的供應商

  • 各供應商的柴油策略合格性與技術課題
  • Bosch:柴油系統中不折不扣的領導者
  • Continental:取代Bosch的德國企業
  • Delphi:全球性美國與歐洲的融合
  • Denso:日本式柴油

第6章 預測

  • 全球預測:柴油銷售額將於2020年擴大至60%
  • 歐洲的柴油需求僅微成長
  • 關於美國的預測
  • 成本問題將持續推動印度的柴油市場擴大

第7章 供應商簡介

  • Borg Warner
  • Bosch
  • Continental
  • Delphi
  • Deson
  • Fiat
  • General Motors
  • 本田技研工業
  • Kolbenschmidt Pierburg
  • Magneti Marelli
  • Mahle
  • 日產汽車
  • PSA Peugeot Citroen
  • 豐田汽車
  • Valeo
  • Volkswagen

圖表

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目錄

Thanks to their durability, power and fuel economy, diesel engines have been the prime choice for long distance driving, especially for goods transportation. For decades the diesel engine in passenger cars has also been well-established in Europe, currently accounting for nearly 50% of new car sales, while Asia and especially American consumers still havenët fully accepted dieselës virtues.

And there are other challenges. In late 2014, the mayor of Paris made worldwide headlines by announcing a ban on diesel cars in the city. Although it can be argued that this decision has been made on the basis of old data, it is significant and could have a real impact on diesel sales, not just in France.

What is clear is that diesel technology has taken major steps forward in the last 5 years to become much cleaner, greener, and more efficient, the cost to make it so is significant, and it is facing serious competition from small turbocharged gasoline engines, as well as hybrids and other forms of electrification, making a continued push forward for to maintain the fuel saving advantage but lowering the cost essential to keep diesel on the right track.

Report Coverage

  • Chapter 1 looks at the market trends and drivers currently affecting diesel technology, in particular fuel technology, economy, emissions, environmental demands, and customer behaviour.
  • Chapter 2 examines the regional situation around the world: prospects, taxations, trends and differences,
  • Chapter 3 takes a look at the OEM strategies - how do the different OEMs approach and brand diesel, and how to they address customer needs?
  • Chapter 4 looks in detail at the latest technological trends and issues - turbocharging trends, injection systems, mateirals, airflow management, stop/start, diesel hybrids, etc.
  • Chapter 5 details the leading diesel suppliers and what makes them what they are today - Bosch, Continental, Delphi, Denso
  • Chapter 6 forecasts diesel sales around the world by region to 2020
  • Chapter 7 profiles the leading 16 suppliers in the sector

The report answers questions such as:

  • Where is the growth potential? Asia, America, or both?
  • Will Europe start to stagnate as a diesel region?
  • What are the OEM trends? Will diesel continue to be interesting for performance brands?
  • Diesel engines are cleaner than ever, but can they keep up with ever tightening emissions regulations?
  • Suppliers and strategies - European companies lead the way, but will they stay ahead?
  • Where is future demand coming from, and what will it look like?

The report is an essential guide for managers looking to understand the current and future state and market potential of diesel engine technology and the use of diesel engines in passenger cars.

About the author

Bertrand Gay is a French automotive writer covering both technical and strategic issues. After his studies at the ESTACA, a major aerospace and automotive technical high school, he started a career in journalism in Paris. A few years later, in 1990, he joined the Journal de lëAutomobile and later became co-editor in chief of Ingénieur de lëAutomobile, the magazine of the French society of automotive engineers. In 2000, Bertrand became the editor-in-chief of Automobile & Composants, the French automotive newsletter of Group Les Echos. In 2009, Bertrand started his own business, launching an automotive newsletter named AutoStratInternational. He closely follows and discusses the OEMs and suppliers strategies around the world. In recent years, Bertrand also worked as a freelance writer for the French edition of Le Moniteur Automobile, LëArgus, Automotive News Europe, Kilomètres Entreprise and LëAuto Journal.

Table of Contents

FOREWORD

Chapter 1 - MARKET TRENDS & DRIVERS

  • Overview
  • Chemistry of diesel and gasoline
  • Divergent process requirements
  • Contribution of non-petroleum fuels
  • Refining process issues
  • Strengths and weaknesses of diesels
  • Environmental demands and global warming
    • Local pollution and diesels
    • Lean NOx trap and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
    • Solid SCR and the future?
  • Customer attitudes towards diesel
  • Diesel and vehicle types
  • Implications for new worldwide homologation cycle for CO2 emissions.

Chapter 2 - REGIONAL TRENDS

  • Diesel and CO2 reduction in Europe
  • The case of France: when expertise meets tax exemption
  • Why diesel is growing in Turkey
  • Regional situations in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and RoW
    • Prospects for diesel in North America
    • Diesel in India
    • China and diesel
    • Situations in other countries

Chapter 3 - CHALLENGES & TRENDS at OEMs

  • Overview
  • How mass market brands address trends and challenges to fulfill customersë wishes
  • High tech and high performance diesel are key to Premium brands
  • OEM strategies
    • How General Motors has pushed its diesel strategy
    • How Daimler combines Premium and diesel performance
    • Why is diesel a core competence in PSA Peugeot Citroënës strategy
    • Dieselës importance to sales in Europe

Chapter 4 - TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS AND ISSUES

  • How turbochargers changed the air management of diesel engines
  • Regional turbocharging trends
  • Higher pressures for injection systems
  • Why steel replaces aluminium for pistons
  • Managing the airflow with Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
  • How new functions and requirements create opportunities for new suppliers
  • Aftertreatment strategies
  • Expanding Stop & Start functions to medium speed
  • Does diesel hybrid offer the best of both worlds?
  • How to solve the emissions challenge in North America.
  • Are variable valve timing and variable valve arrangements relevant for diesel ?
  • Why high tech combustion concepts still need to be refined

Chapter 5 - DIESEL SYSTEMS SUPPLIERS

  • How diesel is a strategic competence for suppliers and what are the technological issues
  • Bosch, the undisputed leader in diesel systems
  • How Continental became the German alternative to Bosch Continental: the German alternative to Bosch
  • Delphi: the global American - European mix
  • Denso: diesel, the Japanese way

Chapter 6 - FORECASTS

  • Global forecasts : How the diesel sales will grow by 60 % till 2020
  • Why will diesel demand slightly grow in Europe
  • What prospects for diesel in the United States
  • How costs will still drive Indian diesel growth

Chapter 7 Supplier Profiles

  • Borg Warner
  • Bosch
  • Continental
  • Delphi
  • Denso
  • Fiat
  • General Motors
  • Honda
  • Kolbenschmidt Pierburg
  • Magneti Marelli
  • Mahle
  • Nissan
  • PSA Peugeot Citroen
  • Toyota
  • Valeo
  • Volkswagen

Tables

  • Table 1 - Europe: Emission limits for diesel passenger cars (mg/km)
  • Table 2 - Diesel cars in use in Europe (2001 - 2013)
  • Table 3 - Diesel car sales in Europe (1980 - 2013)
  • Table 4 - Four-cylinder 1.6 engines comparison in C-segment on the European market
  • Table 5 - Diesel car production in Germany (2007 - 2012)
  • Table 6 - Diesel car production in Italy (2007 - 2012)
  • Table 7 - Diesel car production in United Kingdom ( 2007 - 2012 )
  • Table 8 - Germany: 2013 registrations gasoline / diesel
  • Table 9 - Diesel cars in France: sales, production, exportations (1980 - 2013)
  • Table 10 - Diesel car production at French manufacturers 1980 - 2012)
  • Table 11 - Typical friction distribution in a four-cylinder 2 L engine
  • Table 12 - Friction distribution on Renaultës K9K 1.5 dCi engine
  • Table 13 - Typical AdBlue consumption for Euro 6.1 and Euro 6.2
  • Table 14 - Diesel light vehicle sales forecasts ( in million units)
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