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市場調查報告書

奈米技術:實現太陽能發電

Nanotech: Making Photovoltaics Possible 2017

出版商 Aruvian's R'search 商品編碼 297615
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 150 Pages
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奈米技術:實現太陽能發電 Nanotech: Making Photovoltaics Possible 2017
出版日期: 2017年03月01日 內容資訊: 英文 150 Pages
簡介

太陽能發電(PV)是利用由光產生電力的技術之重要工業產品。目前太陽能發電市場雖然晶圓型矽晶電池佔優勢,但其高成本將會成為限制市場成長的障礙。但使用轉換效率高的薄型晶圓及裝置,便可削減未來的成本。藉此,要降低太陽能發電的成本,就長期來看,奈米技術可望發揮重要的作用。如果能將微電子和奈米電子產品結合,更可獲利。

本報告提供奈米技術如何改變太陽能發電的世界其發展可能性調查分析,奈米科技概要、太陽能發電的概要、太陽能發電的現狀、全球應用相關驗証,同時提供主要企業簡介等為您概述為以下內容。

摘要整理

何謂太陽能發電

  • 關於太陽能發電
  • Plus方面和虧損方面
  • 利用可能性

什麼是太陽能

  • 概要
  • 從太陽獲得能源

太陽能發電的用途

  • 採光
  • 定日鏡發電廠
  • 被動式太陽能建築設計
  • 太陽熱調理器
  • 太陽能汽車
  • 太陽能供給熱水系統
  • 太陽能發電技術
  • 太陽發電衛星
  • 太陽能能源
  • 太陽能上升氣流塔

關於奈米技術

  • 基礎知識
  • 使用法
  • 目前應用
  • 使用上的問題
  • 未來發展趨勢

太陽能發電的介紹

  • 概要
  • 太陽能電池的歷史背景
  • 太陽能發電系統
  • 看BOS
  • 3代太陽能電池
  • 何謂聚光式太陽能電池
  • 太陽能電池的用途
  • 太陽能電池的種類
  • 太陽能發電技術
  • 太陽能技術的投資
  • 利用大規模太陽能發電的社會·經濟方面
  • 目前太陽能發電業

太陽能發電和奈米技術

  • 奈米技術和永續能源
  • 發電源的奈米技術
  • 能源部門上奈米技術的利用
  • 能源方面奈米技術的全球方案
  • 太陽能電池
  • 太陽能發電的奈米技術
  • 最新的發展趨勢
  • 傳統太陽能電池的運作和奈米技術所扮演的角色
  • 廉價的太陽能電池利用案例
  • 太陽能電池的世代
  • 透過奈米技術運作的太陽能電池
  • 成本效益

能源方面奈米技術的應用

  • 太陽能電池的利用
  • 薄膜太陽能電池
  • 色素太陽能電池的二氧化鈦奈米粒子
  • 富勒烯衍生物這個高分子太陽能電池的電子受體
  • 堆疊電池的奈米層
  • 太陽能電池的量子點
  • 奈米結構的防止反射層
  • 太陽能發電的新素材
  • 能源方面奈米技術行銷的可能性

太陽能電池上奈米的全球方案與研究開發

奈米的目前市場經濟學和未來發展預測

主要企業

  • BP Solar International
  • Bloo Solar
  • Nanosolar Inc
  • NanoGram Corporation
  • SunFlake
  • HelioVolt Corporation
  • Konarka Technologies, Inc

附錄

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目錄

Photovoltaics is the technical term for generating electricity from light and today it is fast becoming an important industrial product. Presently the PV market is dominated by wafer based crystalline Si cells, but is hampered with high costs. Today's solar cells are simply not efficient enough and are currently too expensive to manufacture for large-scale electricity generation. However, the cost of these cells is likely decrease in the future by using thinner wafers and devices with higher conversion efficiency. It is here where nanotechnology is expected to will play an important role in the longer run in order to further lower the PV cost. PV is also likely to profit from cross fertilization with micro- and nano-electronics.

Nanotechnologies are worldwide regarded as key technologies for innovations and technological progress in almost all branches of economy. Nanotechnologies as key and cross-sectional technologies exhibit the unique potential for decisive technological breakthroughs in the energy sector, thus making substantial contributions to sustainable energy supply. In recent years, nanotechnology researchers are achieving astonishing results in many fields of medicine and electronics: from microscopic sensors to transistors constantly decreasing in size, industry is pushing to innovate and find always new, cost-effective solutions. One of the most promising and exciting progress has been shown in the field of solar cells development.

The range of possible nanoapplications in the energy sector comprises gradual short and medium-term improvements for a more efficient use of conventional and renewable energy sources as well as completely new long-term approaches for energy recovery and utilization.

Presently, the climate of economic difficulty facing the world is resulting in a rising demand for going green. An attempt is being made to stimulate economies by an expansion of government spending in the areas of sustainability, energy conservation and renewable energy. However the credit crunch and wild swings in the price of oil could get in the way of these nanotech solutions being aggressively pursued.

In this scenario, Aruvian Research brings to you its research report - Nanotech: Making Photovoltaics Possible. This research report takes a look at how nanotechnology is changing the world of solar photovoltaics and making possible advances which earlier one could not even possibly imagine. The report looks at the technology which is making this possible. Basics of nanotechnology, of photovoltaics, of the current PV industry worldwide, and of course, of the usage of solar power worldwide, is all analyzed in this report. Information on companies making possible the usage of nanotechnology to further increase the profitability of photovoltaics is also provided in this report.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Solar Energy

  • B.1 Overview
  • B.2 Deriving Energy from the Sun

C. About Nanotechnology

  • C.1 The Basics
  • C.2 Usage of Nanotechnology
    • C.2.1 Sensors
    • C.2.2 Nanofibres
    • C.2.3 Ultra-Light Materials
    • C.2.4 Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention
    • C.2.5 Nanocomposites
    • C.2.6 Nanocrystals
    • C.2.7 Nanoparticles
    • C.2.8 Nanostructured Materials
    • C.2.9 Nanoclays and Nanocomposites
    • C.2.10 Nanocomposite Coatings
    • C.2.11 Nanotubes
    • C.2.12 Nanocatalysts
    • C.2.13 Nanofilters
  • C.3 Challenges of Using Nanotechnology
    • C.3.1 Brief Look on the Ethical Position
    • C.3.2 Potential Risks
    • C.3.3 Security Risk
  • C.4 Future Trends in Nanotechnology Developments

D. Introduction to Solar Photovoltaics

  • D.1 Overview
  • D.2 Photovoltaic Systems
  • D.3 Looking at the Balance of System (BOS)
  • D.4 Analyzing the 3 Generations of Photovoltaic Cells
    • D.4.1 First Generation PV Cells
    • D.4.2 Second Generation PV Cells
    • D.4.3 Third Generation PV Cells
  • D.5 What are Concentrator Cells?
  • D.6 Applications of Solar Cells
  • D.7 Types of Solar Cells
  • D.8 PV Technology in Isolated Generation
  • D.9 Novel PV Technologies
  • D.10 Socio-economic Aspects of Large-Scale PV Use

E. Photovoltaics and Nanotechnology

  • E.1 Nanotechnology and Sustainable Energy
  • E.2 Nanotechnology for Energy Sources
  • E.3 Nanotech Uses in the Energy Sector Snapshot
    • E.3.1 Chemical
    • E.3.2 Mechanical
    • E.3.3 Optical
    • E.3.4 Electronic
    • E.3.5 Thermal
  • E.4 Global Scenario of Nanotechnologies in Energy
    • E.4.1 Photovoltaics
    • E.4.2 Solar Thermal Energy
    • E.4.3 Energy Conversion
    • E.4.4 Fuel Cells
    • E.4.5 Photoelectric and Photovoltaic Devices
  • E.5 Solar Cells
    • E.5.1 Benefit to Solar Cells from Nanoparticles
    • E.5.2 Polymer Cells
    • E.5.3 Quantum Dots
    • E.5.4 Quantum Wells
    • E.5.5 Carbon Nanotubes and Fullerenes
    • E.5.6 Plastic Solar Cell
  • E.6 Nanotech for Solar Power is Here
  • E.7 Working of Traditional Solar Cells & Role of Nanotechnology
  • E.8 Some Examples of Use of Inexpensive Solar Cells
    • E.8.1 Usage in Environment
    • E.8.2 Usage in Military
    • E.8.3 Usage in Rural Areas
    • E.8.4 Usage in Electronics Industry
  • E.9 Solar Cell Generations
  • E.10 Working of Nanotech Solar Cells
  • E.11 Cost and Efficiency

F. Applications of Nanotechnology in Energy

  • F.1 Use in Solar Cells
  • F.2 Thin-Layer Solar Cells
  • F.3 Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in Dye Solar Cells
  • F.4 Fullerene Derivates as Electron Acceptors in Polymer Solar Cells
  • F.5 Nanolayers in Stack Cells
  • F.6 Quantum Dots for Solar Cells
  • F.7 Nanostructured Antireflection Layers
  • F.8 New Materials for Photovoltaics
  • F.9 Marketing Potential of Nanotechnologies in Energy

G. Global Scenario and R&D of Nano in Solar Cells

H. Research Trend in Nano Solar Cells

  • H.1 Overview
  • H.2 Major Players

I. Technological Advancements that will Grow Nano PV Cells

J. Present Market Economics of Nano & Future Prospects

  • J.1 Overview
  • J.2 Future Prospects
  • J.3 Future of Nano PV Cells as Solar as Price for Solar Falls
  • J.4 Major Issues to Overcome

K. Leading Industry Contributors

  • K.1 Competitive Landscape
  • K.2 Applied Materials
  • K.3 BASF Corporation
  • K.4 DuPont
  • K.5 Merck KGaA
  • K.6 Nano-C Inc.
  • K.7 NanoFlex Power Corporation
  • K.8 NanoGram Corporation (part of the Teijin Group)
  • K.9 PV Nano Cell
  • K.10 Samsung Group
  • K.11 SunFlake

L. Appendix

  • L.1 Rising Greenhouse Gas Emissions & Its Impact - The Need for Solar Photovoltaics
  • L.2 Conditions Impacting the Performance of Solar PV Cells
    • L.2.1 Sunlight Conditions
    • L.2.2 Weather Conditions
    • L.2.3 Environmental Impact of Solar PV Cells
  • L.3 Challenges & Barriers Facing PV Technology Development
    • L.3.1 Very High Costs
    • L.3.2 High Transaction Costs
    • L.3.3 No Dominant Player in the Market
    • L.3.4 No Public Awareness
    • L.3.5 Lack of Incentives
    • L.3.6 No Public Interest
    • L.3.7 Lack of Proper Infrastructure
    • L.3.8 Institutional Barriers
    • L.3.9 Lack of R&D Initiatives
  • L.4 Figures & Tables

M. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Breakdown of Incoming Solar Energy
  • Figure 2: A Solar Cell Made from a Monocrystalline Silicon Wafer
  • Figure 3: Examples for Potential Applications of Nanotechnology along the Value-Added Chain in the Energy Sector
  • Figure 4: Market Shares of Different Solar Cell Types Worldwide in 2015
  • Figure 5: Basic Structure and Efficiency of Current Solar Cell Types
  • Figure 6: Diagram of a Photovoltaic Solar Cell
  • Figure 7: Diagram of a Nano Solar Cell
  • Figure 8: Electron-Microscopic Photo and Schematic Structure of a Cadmium Telluride Thin-Layer Solar Cell
  • Figure 9: Principle Structure and Functional Principle of an Organic Solar Cell
  • Figure 10: Processability of Nanomaterials (High Productivity Possible through Printing Processes)
  • Figure 11: Global Market Evaluation for Nanotechnology Applications in the Energy Sector (in USD Million), 2008-2015
  • Figure 12: Basic Research Underway with the Technology Developments Required to Achieve the Desired Applications
  • Figure 13: Activity & Diversity of Top 10 Countries in Nanotechnology Thin-film Solar Cells Publications
  • Figure 14: Number of Patents in this Domain, 2005-2015
  • Figure 15: Countries Leading the Research in the Field of Nano Photovoltaics, 2005-2015
  • Figure 16: Patents Filed by Universities in the Field of Nano Photovoltaics, 2005-2015
  • Figure 17: Where the Market for Nano PV Cells Stands Currently (Patents Filed in Last 5 Years as of 2015)
  • Figure 18: Number of Patents in Nano Photovoltaics Filed by Companies, 2005-2015 Total
  • Figure 19: Worldwide Solar Insolation Levels
  • Figure 20: A Schematic Arrangement of a PV Cell
  • Figure 21: Solar Parabolic Trough System Combined with Fossil Fuel Firing to Generate Electrical Power
  • Figure 22: Arrangement of a Central Receiver Solar Thermal System
  • Figure 23: A Solar Pond Arrangement
  • Figure 24: Integrated Solar/Combined Cycle System (ISCC)
  • Figure 25: Solar RFC Power System
  • Figure 26: Space Application of RFC Power System
  • Figure 27: Power Density Spectrum of the Sunlight at the Surface of Earth (Light Gray) and its Fraction Available for Conversion by a Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell (Dark Gray)
  • Figure 28: Global Energy Consumption Forecast (2003-2030)
  • Figure 29: Global Energy Consumption Forecast by Fuel Type (1980-2030)
  • Figure 30: PV Family Tree - A Diagrammatic Representation
  • Figure 31: Major Policy Drivers for Solar PV in 2015
  • Figure 32: Generation Cost of Solar Electricity in Comparison with Other Power Sources
  • Figure 33: Price Offers for Solar PV and Wind Onshore Power Plants by Countries
  • Figure 34: Global Solar PV Installed Capacity (in GW), 2000-2015
  • Figure 35: Total Solar PV Installed Capacity (in GW), 2000-2015
  • Figure 36: Annual PV Installations by Regions (in Percentage), 2010-2015
  • Figure 37: Leading 10 Solar PV Markets by Total Installed Share at end-2015 (%)
  • Figure 38: Contribution of PV to the Electricity Demand in EU 28 in 2015 (in Percentage)
  • Figure 39: Capacity Additions of Leading 10 Solar PV Markets in Europe (%), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 40: Annual Solar PV Market Scenarios till 2020 (in GW)
  • Figure 41: Leading 20 Countries in Solar PV Additions during High and Low Scenarios (in GW), 2016-2020

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Some Examples of Clean Technologies
  • Table 2: Early Solar Thermal Power Plants
  • Table 3: Comparison of Solar Thermal Power Technologies
  • Table 4: Cost Reductions in Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Power Plants
  • Table 5: Cost Breakdown for a 100 kWP-10 MWP Concentrator Photovoltaics Installation
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