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Analyzing the Global Bunker Fuel Industry

出版商 Aruvian's R'search 商品編碼 296684
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 130 pages
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全球船用燃料油產業分析 Analyzing the Global Bunker Fuel Industry
出版日期: 2014年02月01日 內容資訊: 英文 130 pages





  • 產業定義
  • 產業的簡介
  • 全球石油市場調查
  • 全球天然氣市場調查
  • 其他燃料的調查
  • 對產業的影響
  • 產業面臨的問題
  • 未來展望


  • 船用燃料油是什麼?
  • 船用燃料油的歷史
  • 重油的分類
  • 重油的利用
  • 燃料的規格
  • 船用燃料油的供應鏈
  • 法律規範
  • 運輸&環境上的問題
  • 船用燃料油的嚴苛標準


  • 概要
  • 船舶用燃料的等級
  • 船舶用燃料/石油產品的煉製
  • 煉油廠的生產模式
  • 船舶用燃料的種類



  • 簡介
  • LPG的用途
  • LPG生產
  • 運輸、燃料供給的LPG
  • 中速引擎市場上LPG
  • 低速引擎的LPG
  • 法律規範






Known commonly as fuel oil, bunker fuel is liquid fuel that is fractionally distilled from crude oil. Bunker fuel is highly viscous and also heavily contaminated with substances that cannot be removed. Therefore, when burnt, bunker fuel causes a lot of pollution. Worldwide, there are many regulations in place in order to check the pollution caused by bunker fuel.

The year 2012 witnessed a strong decline in bunker fuel prices, thus bringing to an end the strong bunker fuel price rally that was evident since 2009. Weakness in the global shipping industry is the primary cause for the downward pressure on bunker fuel prices.

Aruvian Research analyzes the global bunker fuel industry in its research report Analyzing the Global Bunker Fuel Industry. The report analyzes the global energy industry first and then moves on to the global bunker fuel/fuel oil industry analysis. We look at the basics of bunker fuel, history of bunker fuel, classification, uses as well as fuel specifications. The supply chain of bunker fuel, particularly the major bunkering ports of Fujairah, Rotterdam and Singapore are looked at. Regulatory framework, transportation and environmental issues, and standards for bunker fuel are looked at in the report.

Moving on, we analyze the broader marine fuels market in terms of marine fuel grades, refining of marine fuels/petroleum products, types of marine fuels, etc.

The recent emergence of LNG as a bunker fuel option is also looked at, along with two case studies of using LPG as a marine fuel and using MSAR as a bunker fuel.

An analysis of the major industry players and a future perspective of the industry completes this analysis.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Analyzing the Global Energy Industry

  • B.1. Industry Definition
  • B.2. Brief Profile of the Industry
  • B.3. Looking at the Global Oil Market
  • B.4. Looking at the Global Natural Gas
  • B.5. Looking at Other Fuels
  • B.6. Impacts on the Industry
  • B.7. Challenges Facing the Industry
  • B.8. Future Perspective

C. Global Bunker Fuel/Fuel Oil Industry

  • C.1. What is Bunker Fuel?
  • C.2. History of Bunker Fuel
  • C.3. Classification of Fuel Oil
  • C.4. Uses of Fuel Oil
  • C.5. Fuel Specifications
  • C.6. Bunker Fuel Supply Chain
    • C.6.1. Fujairah
    • C.6.2. Rotterdam
    • C.6.3. Singapore
  • C.7. Regulatory Framework
  • C.8. Transportation & Environmental Issues
  • C.9. Stricter Standards for Bunker Fuel

D. Marine Fuels Industry

  • D.1. Overview
  • D.2. Marine Fuel Grades
  • D.3. Refining of Marine Fuels/Petroleum Products
  • D.4. Production Models of Refineries
  • D.5. Types of Marine Fuel
    • D.5.1. Marine Gas Oil (MGO)
    • D.5.2. Marine Distillate Oil (MDO)
    • D.5.3. Blending Stocks
    • D.5.4. Intermediate Fuel Oil (IFO)

E. LNG as Bunker Fuel

F. Case Study: Using LPG as a Marine Fuel

  • F.1. Introduction
  • F.2. Applications of LPG
  • F.3. LPG Production
  • F.4. LPG in Shipping & Bunkering
  • F.5. LPG in Medium Speed Engine Market
  • F.6. LPG in Low Speed Engine
  • F.7. Regulatory Framework

G. Case Study: Using Multiphase Superfine Atomized Residue (MSAR) as a Bunker Fuel

H. Global Bunker Fuel Industry: Future Perspective

I. Major Industry Players

  • I.1. Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc
  • I.2. Alliance Oil Trading Pte Ltd
  • I.3. Apex Oil Company
  • I.4. BP Marine Ltd
  • I.5. Brasbunker Participacoes
  • I.6. Brightoil Petroleum Holdings Limited
  • I.7. Chemoil Energy Limited
  • I.8. Chevron Corporation
  • I.9. ConocoPhillips
  • I.10. Daelim Corporation
  • I.11. Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • I.12. Hellenic Petroleum S.A.
  • I.13. Houston Fuel Oil Terminal Company
  • I.14. Mitsubishi Corporation
  • I.15. Peninsula Petroleum Limited
  • I.16. Petro Marine Services
  • I.17. Quadrise Fuels International Plc
  • I.18. Royal Dutch Shell Plc
  • I.19. Tesoro Corporation
  • I.20. Total SA
  • I.21. TransMontaigne, Inc
  • I.22. Warner Petroleum Corporation
  • I.23. Westport Petroleum Inc
  • I.24. Wilhelmsen Marine Fuels AS
  • I.25. World Fuel Services Corporation

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Major Oil Trade Flows at the end of 2012
  • Figure 2: Distribution of Proved Oil Reserves in 1992, 2002, and 2012 (%)
  • Figure 3: Oil Production by Region, 2012
  • Figure 4: Oil Reserves-to-Production Ratios
  • Figure 5: Oil Consumption by Region, 2012
  • Figure 6: Crude Oil Prices
  • Figure 7: Global Energy Consumption Forecast (2003-2030)
  • Figure 8: Global Energy Consumption Forecast by Fuel Type (1980-2030)
  • Figure 9: Global Emission Controlled Areas as of December 2011
  • Figure 10: Particulate Matter Pollution Overlaid on the World's Major Shipping Routes
  • Figure 11: Change in Sulphur Content in Bunker Fuel (%), 2006-2030
  • Figure 12: MARPOL VI/14 - Sulphur Limits
  • Figure 13: Oil Tanker Taking on Bunker Fuel
  • Figure 14: Refining Process and Product Streams
  • Figure 15: Spectrum of Crude Qualities
  • Figure 16: MARPOL Annex VI - SOx Reduction Alternatives including LNG
  • Figure 17: Forecast for Marine Fuel Prices
  • Figure 18: Cost of Fuel Oil versus Natural Gas Cost, 2009-2012
  • Figure 19: LNG Supply Cost versus Cost of Alternative Fuels
  • Figure 21: Overview of MSAR
  • Figure 22: Properties of Emulsion Fuels
  • Figure 23: Historical Bunker Prices 380cSt
  • Figure 24: MSAR as a Solution in the Bunker Fuel Industry
  • Figure 25: Bunker Fuel 180 Average Weighted Price & Bunker Fuel 380, (in USD per bbl), 2010-2015

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Fuel Oils
  • Table 2: Parameters of Marine Distillate Fuels
  • Table 3: Parameters of Marine Residual Fuels
  • Table 4: Specifications for Marine Distillate Fuels
  • Table 5: Specifications for Marine Residual Fuels
  • Table 6: Primary Pollutants from the Combustion of Oil and their Major Potential Impacts
  • Table 7: Refinery Input of Crude Oil & Petroleum Products in the US, 2008
  • Table 8: Types of Crude Oil Included in OPEC
  • Table 9: Production Yield from a Hydroskimming Refinery
  • Table 10: Production Yield from a Cracking Refinery
  • Table 11: Production Yield from Coking Refineries
  • Table 12: Types of Marine Fuel
  • Table 13: Air Emissions from LNG & Other Marine Fuels
  • Table 14: LNG-Fuelled Ships in Operation Worldwide
  • Table 15: Confirmed LNG Fuelled Newbuilds
  • Table 16: Characteristics of Butane Gas
  • Table 17: Characteristics of Propane Gas
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