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市場調查報告書

全球氣體水合物市場潛力分析

Analyzing the Potential of Gas Hydrates

出版商 Aruvian's R'search 商品編碼 292940
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 85 pages
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全球氣體水合物市場潛力分析 Analyzing the Potential of Gas Hydrates
出版日期: 2014年01月01日 內容資訊: 英文 85 pages
簡介

氣體水合物為結晶狀固體,以水分子架構包圍的氣體分子構成。除了晶體內部的氣體分子使結構穩定化這點,其特性與冰相似。許多氣體分子(二氧化碳、硫化氫燃料、碳數低的烴等),成為能容納在水合物架構一般的大小,不過現在進行研究的海底氣體水合物,大部分是甲烷水合物。

本報告提供全球氣體水合物市場的最新趨勢與未來展望相關分析、氣體水合物及相關物質(天然氣、基礎水合物等)的特性和生產與開發方法、到目前為止的開發動向、甲烷水合物成為能源資源的可能性、資源開發技術與課題、現在進行中的主要開發企劃的概要等調查,並將結果概述為以下內容。

摘要整理

天然氣的概要

  • 簡介
  • 天然氣的化學結構
  • 天然氣價格
  • 天然氣的處理工程
  • 天然氣的貯存、運輸
  • 天然氣的供給來源

烴是什麼?

  • 烴的概要
  • 基礎性的水合物、單位的緊湊結構
  • 發現在海中的水合物
  • 目前水合物的探索方法
  • 合成水合物、監測的新手法
  • 轉換成水合物

氣體水合物的概要

  • 氣體水合物是什麼?
  • 歷史背景
  • 氣體水合物結構
  • 在宇宙發現的水合物
  • 氣體水合物在哪裡找得到
  • 水合物的穩定領域
  • 氣體水合物的重要性
  • 氣體水合物的偵測方法
  • 關於在大陸週邊地區累積物的不穩定性,氣體水合物所扮演的角色
  • 氣體水合物對環境的影響
  • 來自氣體水合物的能源資源
  • 水合物相關危險性
  • 水合物相關課題
  • 氣體水合物相關研究
  • 美國的效果分析
  • 關注國際的努力
  • 氣體水合物研究的未來性

甲烷水合物資源

  • 甲烷水合物資源的探勘
  • 甲烷水合物和全球暖化
  • 天然氣所扮演的角色

理解岩石物理學模式

自氣體水合物的生產沼氣方法

氣體水合物的生產

  • 可利用的生產過程
  • 查明可開發的礦床
  • 運輸方式的摸索
  • 安全性、環境相關顧慮事項
  • 勘探活動伴隨的危險性
  • 海底結構相關危險性
  • 對船舶、浮體結構物的危險性

全球二氧化碳循環中氣體水合物所扮演的角色

目前甲烷水合物相關的計劃、預算分配

  • 簡介
  • 美國能源局
  • 美國地質調查局
  • 美國海軍研究實驗室(NRL)
  • 土地管理局(BLM)
  • JOIDES:國際深海開採計劃(ODP)
  • 全美化學財團(NSF)
  • Colorado School of Mines Hydrate Consortium (CSMHC)
  • Deep Star Consortium
  • 國際的氣體水合物研究、夥伴關係及INTERMAR

案例研究

  • Messoyakha天然氣田
  • Prudhoe Bay
  • 阿拉斯加州、North Slope的氣體水合物儲存層

附錄

詞彙表

目錄

A gas hydrate is a crystalline solid; its building blocks consist of a gas molecule surrounded by a cage of water molecules. Thus it is similar to ice, except that the crystalline structure is stabilized by the guest gas molecule within the cage of water molecules. Many gases have molecular sizes suitable to form hydrate, including such naturally occurring gases as carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and several low-carbon-number hydrocarbons, but most marine gas hydrates that have been analyzed are methane hydrates.

Aruvian's R'search analyzes this highly lucrative industry in its research report - Analyzing the Potential of Gas Hydrates. The report begins with a basic analysis of natural gas and goes on to analyze the potential of hydrocarbons and gas hydrates. The compact structure of a basic hydrate unit, how to look for hydrates at sea, role of the Hydrate Stability Zone, environmental impact of gas hydrates, and hazards associated with hydrates are all explored within this report.

Exploiting the resource of methane hydrates, understanding the rock physics model, how methane is produced from gas hydrates and many other points are covered in this report. The current gas hydrate programs and budgets involving methane hydrate is also discussed in Aruvian's offering.

With the growing demand for energy, gas hydrates have fast emerged as an attractive option for this energy-hungry world. Aruvian's R'search's report Analyzing the Potential of Gas Hydrates is a step towards researching this industry.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Natural Gas

  • B.1 Introduction
  • B.2 Chemical Composition of Natural Gas
  • B.3 Natural Gas Prices
  • B.4 Natural Gas Processing
  • B.5 Storage and Transporting of Natural Gas
  • B.6 Sources of Natural Gas

C. What are Hydrocarbons?

  • C.1 Introduction to Hydrocarbons
  • C.2 Compact Structure of a Basic Hydrate Unit
  • C.3 Finding Hydrates at Sea
  • C.4 Present-day Hydrate Exploration
  • C.5 Novel Methods of Monitoring Hydrate Creation
  • C.6 Converting to Hydrates

D. Introduction to Gas Hydrates

  • D.1 What are Gas Hydrates?
  • D.2 Historical Background
  • D.3 Structure of Gas Hydrates
  • D.4 Hydrates Found in the Universe
  • D.5 Where are Gas Hydrates Found
  • D.6 The Hydrate Stability Zone
  • D.7 Importance of Gas Hydrates
  • D.8 How to Detect Gas Hydrates?
  • D.9 Role of Gas Hydrates in Continental Margin Sediment Instability
  • D.10 Environmental Impact of Gas Hydrates
  • D.11 Energy Source from Gas Hydrates
  • D.12 Hazards Associated with Hydrates
  • D.13 Hydrate Challenges
  • D.14 Research on Natural Gas Hydrates
  • D.15 Looking at US Efforts
  • D.16 Looking at International Efforts
  • D.17 Future of Gas Hydrate Research

E. Methane Hydrates - A Resource

  • E.1 Exploiting the Resource of Methane Hydrates
  • E.2 Methane Hydrate & Global Warming
  • E.3 Role of Natural Gas

F. Understanding the Rock Physics Model

G. How to Produce Methane from Gas Hydrates

H. Production of Natural Gas Hydrates

  • H.1 Possible Production Processes
  • H.2 Identifying Possible Deposits for Production
  • H.3 Looking at Transportation Methods
  • H.4 Safety & Environmental Concerns
  • H.5 Hazard to Drilling Operations
  • H.6 Hazard to Sea Floor Structure
  • H.7 Hazard to Vehicles & Other Floating Structures

I. Analyzing the Global Carbon Cycle Role of Natural Gas Hydrates

J. Current Programs & Budgets Involving Methane Hydrate

  • J.1 Introduction
  • J.2 US Department of Energy
  • J.3 US Geological Survey
  • J.4 Naval Research Laboratory (NRL)
  • J.5 Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • J.6 JOIDES Ocean Drilling Program (ODP)
  • J.7 National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • J.8 Colorado School of Mines Hydrate Consortium (CSMHC)
  • J.9 Deep Star Consortium
  • J.10 International Gas Hydrate Research, Partnerships, and INTERMAR

K. Case Studies

  • K.1 The Messoyakha Gas Field
  • K.2 Prudhoe Bay
  • K.3 Alaska North Slope Gas Hydrate Reservoir

L. Appendix

M. Glossary of Terms

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