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市場調查報告書

全球液化天然氣市場

Global LNG Market 2015

出版商 Aruvian's R'search 商品編碼 196655
出版日期 內容資訊 英文 250 Pages
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全球液化天然氣市場 Global LNG Market 2015
出版日期: 2015年07月01日 內容資訊: 英文 250 Pages
簡介

液化天然氣石油和柴油燃料有相當比例的能源密度,污染度少,生產成本高,為了極低溫儲罐儲藏的商業用普及有困難。

本報告提供全球液化天然氣(以下LNG)市場相關分析,整體產業結構與趨勢,及各種影響要素(推動因素和課題),主要的LNG接收基地,LNG船市場趨勢,主要企業的概要(企業簡介,營業內容,SWOT分析)等彙整資料,為您概述為以下內容。

摘要整理

液化天然氣的簡介

  • 液化天然氣(LNG)是什麼?
  • 歷史背景
  • 美國需要LNG嗎?
  • LNG的利用法
  • LNG將成為天然氣競爭力的來源?
  • LNG(液化天然氣)和GTL(Gas to Liquid)與CNG(壓縮天然氣)
  • 非傳統天然氣的影響

全球液化天然氣市場

  • 產業概要
  • 全球的液化能力
  • 需求與供給方案
  • 卡達生產延期與償付
  • 伊朗國內的天然氣蘊藏量和生產量
  • 中國的LNG需求增加
  • 澳洲國內的LNG熱潮的徵兆
  • LNG貿易(出口·進口·地點各市場)
  • LNG價格
  • 新的LNG市場
  • 開發平台的競爭
  • 產業的未來預測

主要的液化技術

  • 基礎性的液化技術
  • 浮體式液化技術

影響產業因素

  • 產業趨勢
  • 價格趨勢
  • LNG契約趨勢
  • 企劃·財政趨勢
  • 天然氣的品質

生命週期分析

  • 簡介
  • 探勘與生產
  • 液化
  • 出貨
  • 貯存
  • 流通

促進成長要素

  • 天然氣的供需方案
  • 經濟促進因素
  • 環境促進因素
  • 蘊藏量相關課題
  • 產業的全球化
  • 東非遠洋天然氣田:出現新的LNG市場

問題與課題

  • 澳洲的LNG資源的擔憂
  • 環境方面的壓力
  • 相關費用高低
  • 出貨相關問題
  • 接收站的處理能力不足
  • 安全方面的擔憂事項
  • BTU含有量高低
  • 政治不穩定,海盜,恐怖行動
  • 霍爾木茲海峽相關問題

液化天然氣接收終點站

LNG油船的市場

  • 概要
  • LNG油船的種類
  • LNG油船的容量和船年齡
  • LNG油船的租市場
  • LNG油船的新建訂單

全球主要企業

  • Air Products & Chemicals, Inc
  • BG Group Plc
  • BP Plc
  • Cheniere Energy, Inc
  • Chevron Corporation
  • ConocoPhillips
  • Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • Gazprom OAO
  • Inpex Corporation
  • Petronas
  • Repsol YPF SA
  • Royal Dutch Shell Plc
  • Sonatrach SPA
  • Total SA
  • Woodside Petroleum Limited
  • Qatar Petroleum
  • Petroleos de Venezuela SA

附錄

  • 液化石油氣的氣體貯存 vs. LNG貯存
  • 詳細內容圖表

詞彙

圖表一覽

本網頁內容可能與最新版本有所差異。詳細情況請與我們聯繫。

目錄

Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been processed to remove either valuable components e.g. helium, or those impurities that could cause difficulty downstream. LNG offers an energy density comparable to petrol and diesel fuels and produces less pollution, but its relatively high cost of production and the need to store it in expensive cryogenic tanks have prevented its widespread use in commercial applications.

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the U.S. could face a gap in supply of natural gas of about five trillion cubic feet (Tcf) by 2020. Consequently, increased imports of natural gas will be required to meet future shortfalls. Canada may not be able to sustain increasing volumes of exports to the U.S. due to Canada's own increasing demand for natural gas. The EIA expects LNG imports to reach 0.8 Tcf a year by 2020, or about three percent of our total consumption. The demand for LNG is expected to grow. To make LNG available for use in the U.S., energy companies must invest in the LNG value chain, which is a number of different operations that are highly linked and dependent upon one another. Natural gas can be economically produced and delivered to the U.S. as LNG in a price range of about $2.50 - $3.50 per million Btu (MMBtu) at Henry Hub in Louisiana, depending largely on shipping cost.

The emergence of LNG is not only due to its efficiency and eco-friendliness, but also due to economical reasons. LNG is quite competitive vis-à-vis alternative sources such as naphtha, crude and coal and is also competitive vis-à-vis piped gas if transported over distances exceeding 2000 km.

With projected decreases in conventional onshore and offshore natural gas production and the projected decline in natural gas imports through to 2025, growth in U.S. and global natural gas supplies will depend on non-conventional domestic production, natural gas imports, and imports of LNG.

With the rise in commercial activity of LNG, Aruvian Research brings you a report focusing on the Global LNG Market. The report covers basic topics such as what is LNG to more in depth ones such as the economics of LNG, barriers to the growth of LNG, growth drivers, major players, major LNG terminals, etc.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Introduction to Liquefied Natural Gas

  • B.1 What is LNG?
  • B.2 Background of LNG
  • B.3 Does the U.S. Need LNG?
  • B.4 Uses of LNG
  • B.5 Is LNG a Competitive Source of Natural Gas?
  • B.6 LNG, GTL, and CNG
  • B.7 Impact of Unconventional Gas

C. Global LNG Market

  • C.1 Industry Overview
  • C.2 Global LNG Demand
  • C.3 Global Liquefaction Capacity
  • C.4 Supply & Demand Scenario
  • C.5 Qatar and the Moratorium on Production
  • C.6 Iran's Gas Reserves versus Production
  • C.7 China's Growing Requirement for LNG
  • C.8 LNG Boom Expected in Australia
  • C.9 LNG Trade
    • C.9.1 LNG Exports
    • C.9.2 LNG Imports
    • C.9.3 Inter-basin Trade Flows
    • C.9.4 LNG Spot Market
  • C.10 LNG Prices
  • C.11 Emerging LNG Markets
  • C.12 Pipeline Competition
  • C.13 Industry Forecast

D. Major Technologies for Liquefaction

  • D.1 Primary Liquefaction Technologies
  • D.2 Floating Liquefaction

E. Factors Impacting the Industry

  • E.1 Industry Trends
  • E.2 Price Trends
  • E.3 Trends in LNG Contracts
  • E.4 Trends in Project Financing
  • E.5 Gas Quality

F. Lifecycle Analysis

  • F.1 Introduction
  • F.2 Exploration and Production
  • F.3 Liquefaction
  • F.4 Shipping
  • F.5 Storage
  • F.6 Distribution

G. Growth Drivers

  • G.1 Supply-Demand Scenario of Natural Gas
  • G.2 Economic Drivers
  • G.3 Environmental Drivers
  • G.4 Challenges with Reserves
  • G.5 Industry Globalization
  • G.6 Emergence of Offshore East Africa as New LNG Market

H. Issues & Challenges

  • H.1 Doubts on Australian LNG Stall
  • H.2 Environmental Pressures
  • H.3 High Associated Costs
  • H.4 Problems with Shipping
  • H.5 Lack of Terminal Capacity
  • H.6 Safety Concerns
  • H.7 High BTU Content
  • H.8 Political Unrest, Piracy and Terrorism
  • H.9 Issues with Strait of Hormuz

I. LNG Receiving Terminals

  • I.1 Overview
  • I.2 Capacity of LNG Receiving Terminals
  • I.3 LNG Terminal Capacity by Country & Region

J. Market for LNG Carriers

  • J.1 Overview
  • J.2 LNG Carrier Vessel Types
  • J.3 Vessel Types
  • J.4 Capacity & Age of LNG Carriers
  • J.5 LNG Charter Market
  • J.6 Newbuild Vessel Orders

K. Leading Global Players

  • K.1 Air Products & Chemicals, Inc.
    • K.1.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.1.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.1.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.2 BG Group Plc
    • K.2.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.2.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.2.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.3 BP Plc
    • K.3.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.3.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.3.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.4 Cheniere Energy, Inc
    • K.4.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.4.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.4.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.5 Chevron Corporation
    • K.5.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.5.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.5.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.6 ConocoPhillips
    • K.6.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.6.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.6.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.7 Exxon Mobil Corporation
    • K.7.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.7.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.7.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.8 Gazprom OAO
    • K.8.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.8.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.8.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.9 Inpex Corporation
    • K.9.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.9.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.9.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.10 Petronas
    • K.10.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.10.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.10.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.11 Repsol SA
    • K.11.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.11.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.11.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.12 Royal Dutch Shell Plc
    • K.12.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.12.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.12.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.13 Sonatrach SPA
    • K.13.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.13.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.13.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.14 Total SA
    • K.14.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.14.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.14.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.15 Woodside Petroleum Limited
    • K.15.1 Corporate Profile
    • K.15.2 Business Segment Analysis
    • K.15.3 SWOT Analysis
  • K.16 Qatar Petroleum
  • K.17 Petroleos de Venezuela SA

L. Appendix

  • L.1 Propane-Air Storage vs. LNG Storage
  • L.2 Figures & Tables

M. Glossary of Terms

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: U.S. LNG Facilities as of June 2014
  • Figure 2: LNG Transportation Costs
  • Figure 3: US Natural Gas Production
  • Figure 4: Percentage of Shale Gas Share in US Gas Production
  • Figure 5: Forecast for US LNG Imports
  • Figure 6: US LNG Imports vs. US Regasification Capacity
  • Figure 7: Net Trade of the US with Canada & Mexico
  • Figure 8: LNG Imports by Mexico
  • Figure 9: Prices of Natural Gas in US, Japan, UK & Germany
  • Figure 10: Gas Prices in Europe - Spot Prices vs. Oil-linked
  • Figure 11: Global Demand of LNG (in Million Tons per Year), 2000-2030
  • Figure 12: Global Liquefaction Capacity Build Out (in Million Tons per Annum), 1990-2018
  • Figure 13: Global LNG Industry Number of Trains Commissioned vs Average Train Capacity, 1964-2018
  • Figure 14: LNG Development Pipelines in Australia & Papua New Guinea
  • Figure 15: Trade Volumes of LNG (In MTPA), 1990-2013
  • Figure 16: Global LNG Exports by Country in 2013 (in MTPA) and Increase from 2012
  • Figure 17: Global LNG Exports by Country (%), 1990-2013
  • Figure 18: Global LNG Exports by Region (in MTPA), 1990-2013
  • Figure 19: Global LNG Re-Exports by Country (in MTPA), 2005-2013
  • Figure 20: Global LNG Imports by Country in 2013 (in MTPA) and Increase from 2012
  • Figure 21: Global Gas Trade (in BCM), 2000-2012
  • Figure 22: Global LNG Industry Inter-basin Trade Flows (in Percentage Share), 1964-2013
  • Figure 23: Global LNG Industry Inter-basin Trade comparing 2000 and 2013 Performance
  • Figure 24: Spot LNG Trade (by Volume) & Share of Total of LNG Trade, 2000-2011
  • Figure 25: Number of Spot Cargoes Traded & Exporters & Importers of Spot LNG
  • Figure 26: Global LNG Industry Monthly Average Gas Prices by Region (in USD/mmBtu), 2008-2013
  • Figure 27: Imports of LNG to Emerging Markets
  • Figure 28: Utilization Rates of LNG Terminals by Country, 2010 & 2011
  • Figure 29: Future Capacity Growth by Country
  • Figure 30: LNG Demand in 2025
  • Figure 31: Global Liquefaction Capacity by Technology Type, 2014
  • Figure 32: Floating Liquefaction Capacity (Proposed & Under Construction), by Country
  • Figure 33: Sources of LNG to the US (%)
  • Figure 34: Upper Limits of WI Ranges in European LNG Importing Countries & Typical WI of LNG by Source
  • Figure 35: Single Mixed Refrigerant (SMR) Process
  • Figure 36: Propane Pre-Cooled Mixed-Refrigerant (PPMR) Process
  • Figure 37: Cascade Process
  • Figure 38: Flow of U.S. Natural Gas Imports/Exports
  • Figure 39: Strait of Hormuz - Primary LNG Transport Route
  • Figure 40: LNG Receiving Terminals Start Ups, 2001-2016
  • Figure 41: Capacity of Receiving Terminals Worldwide, 2001-2016
  • Figure 42: Global LNG Receiving Capacity (in MTPA), Q1 2014
  • Figure 43: Capacity of Global LNG Receiving Terminals (in MTPA), 2000-2018
  • Figure 44: Historical & Expected Start-ups of LNG Receiving Terminals Worldwide, 1980-2018
  • Figure 45: Send-out Capacity of LNG Terminals Worldwide on Yearly Basis, 2013 & 2018
  • Figure 46: Global LNG Regasification Capacity by Country (in MTPA), 2013
  • Figure 47: Global Regasification Capacity by Region (%), 2013
  • Figure 48: Import Capacity at Global LNG Receiving Terminals by Countries, 2013 & 2018
  • Figure 49: Global LNG Carrier Fleet, 1969-2013
  • Figure 50: Global LNG Carrier Fleet by Containment System (%), at end of 2013
  • Figure 51: Capacity of the Global LNG Fleet by Number of Carriers and Percentage of Total, 2013
  • Figure 52: Global LNG Carrier Fleet by Age, 2013
  • Figure 53: LNG Charter Rates & Conventional New build Orders
  • Figure 54: Order Book for Newbuild Vessels & LNG Fleet, 2013
  • Figure 55: World Natural Gas Supply, 2014
  • Figure 56: Global LNG Pricing by Regions
  • Figure 57: US LNG Facilities
  • Figure 58: Typical Natural Gas Composition
  • Figure 59: Typical LNG Composition
  • Figure 60: LNG Value Chain
  • Figure 61: LNG Fleet Containment System
  • Figure 62: Decline in LNG Costs (Does not include Feedstock Prices)
  • Figure 63: LNG Capacity under Construction by Country (Cumulative Volume Additions), 2012-2020
  • Figure 64: LNG Capacity under Construction by Region (Cumulative Volume Additions), 2012-2020
  • Figure 65: LNG Demand Supply Balance 2001 - 2030

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Regional Distribution of LNG Storage
  • Table 2: Top 10 NGV Countries
  • Table 3: Economic Comparison of GTL & LNG Projects
  • Table 4: Comparison of CNG & LNG
  • Table 5: Global LNG Industry Trade between Basins (in MT), 2013
  • Table 6: Comparative LNG Economics for Greenfield Facilities ($/MCF)
  • Table 7: Representative LNG Shipping Rates to U.S. ($/MMbtu)
  • Table 8: LNG Composition (Mole Percent)
  • Table 9: Global LNG Trade Variations
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